Asthenosoma

Asthenosoma varium en Indonésie.

Genre

Asthenosoma
(Grube, 1868)

Asthenosoma est un genre d’oursins (échinodermes) réguliers tropicaux de la famille des Echinothuriidae, caractérisés par leurs couleurs particulièrement vives, leurs piquants modifiés et leur venimosité.

Ce sont de grands oursins réguliers, de silhouette arrondie, légèrement aplatis dorsalement (avec un renflement central) et souvent très colorés. Ils sont pourvus de deux types de piquants (« radioles ») bien différents : l’ensemble de la coquille (« test ») est recouvert de radioles de défense, courtes, fines et extrêmement pointues, et recouvertes de glandes à venin globulaires et translucides qui font penser à des perles enfilées plus ou moins colorées ; le second type de radioles servent à la locomotion&nbsp best plastic bottles for water;: elles sont longues, non pointues, de couleurs claires et légèrement incurvées, et forment une sorte de couronne sur la face orale (inférieure) de l’animal. Le test (coquille) de ces oursins peut dépasser 20 cm ; il est fin et légèrement mou, ce qui vaut à ces espèces l’appellation d’« oursins-cuir » (en grec ancien asthenos signifie « sans force » et soma « corps »).

Gros plan sur les capsules de venin entourant les piquants d’un oursin de feu.

Ces oursins ne doivent pas être confondus avec ceux du genre Salmacis : ces derniers sont plus sphériques, ont les piquants plus courts et lisses.

Selon World Register of Marine Species (2 décembre 2013) :

Asthenosoma marisrubri

Asthenosoma varium

La reproduction est gonochorique, et mâles et femelles relâchent leurs gamètes en même temps en pleine eau, où œufs puis larves vont évoluer parmi le plancton pendant quelques semaines avant de se fixer.

Certains invertébrés peuvent vivre en symbiose ou en commensalisme avec ces oursins electric toothpaste dispenser, comme les crevettes Periclimenes colemani ou le crabe-zèbre Zebrida adamsii, qui nettoient l’oursin en échange de l’excellent protection offerte par ses épines venimeuses thermos insulated drink bottle.

Ces oursins magnifiques sont très prisés des photographes sous-marins, mais ils ne doivent pas être manipulés car leur venin est très puissant.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen (1958)

Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen ist ein deutsches Filmdrama, das 1958 unter der Regie von Veit Harlan entstand. Der von Gero Wecker produzierte Spielfilm basiert frei auf der Novelle Viola Tricolor von Theodor Storm. Die Uraufführung des in Agfacolor gedrehten Farbfilms erfolgte am 7. November 1958 im Gloria-Palast in Stuttgart.

Der Film steht in keinem inhaltlichen Zusammenhang mit dem gleichnamigen Film von 1943.

Bei einem Spaziergang in den holsteinischen Dünen hört ein Mann ein Klavierspiel aus dem Fenster eines Hauses klingen. Die Frau am Flügel bittet ihn hinein. Schnell lernen sich die beiden näher kennen. Die Pianistin Ines Thormälen hatte sich nur noch der Musik gewidmet, nachdem sie von ihrem Verlobten verlassen wurde. Der aus Südtirol stammende Antiquitätenhändler Rudolf Asmus lebt mit seiner achtjährigen Tochter Agnes, genannt Nesi, in einem Haus in Fiesole bei Florenz. Seit dem Tod seiner Frau Maria, ebenfalls eine Pianistin, ist das Mädchen zum Inhalt seines Lebens geworden. Bald beschließen Ines und Rudolf zu heiraten.

Ines zieht zu Rudolf nach Italien. Schon die Ankunft des Paares wird von Nesi argwöhnisch beobachtet. Nesi, die von der Kinderfrau Anne zu abgöttischer Liebe zur verstorbenen Mutter erzogen wurde, reagiert zunehmend eifersüchtig und störrisch. Als Ines einen verwilderten Teil des Gartens und einen abgesperrten Pavillon entdeckt, behauptet das kleine Mädchen, dass nachts vom dortigen Flügel noch immer das Klavierspiel der Mutter ertönt. Auch Anne ist von der neuen Frau an Rudolfs Seite alles andere als angetan.

Rudolf versucht, alles für Ines zu tun. Er schenkt ihr ein Auto, das sie sogleich mit Rudolfs väterlichem Freund Dr. Compagnuolo ausprobiert. Auch das italienische Hausmädchen Pia und der kauzige Chauffeur Georg aus Berlin sorgen für einige fröhliche Momente. Aber schon bald schlägt Ines der Hass von Nesi und Anne regelrecht entgegen. Das Mädchen versteckt den Schlüssel des Flügels, um zu verhindern, dass Ines weiterhin darauf spielt. Anne, die das weiß, stellt sich schützend vor das Kind. Ines stellt Rudolf über das Verhalten seiner Tochter zur Rede. Nach einer weiteren Konfrontation gibt Dr. Compagnuolo seinem Freund den Rat, Anne zu entlassen, was dieser jedoch ablehnt. Unterdessen fährt Ines nach Florenz, wo sie in der Hoffnung bald ein Kind zu bekommen, vor dem Ospedale degli Innocenti Blumen niederlegt.

In der Nacht tobt ein schweres Gewitter. Ines glaubt, aus dem Pavillon das Klavierspiel der verstorbenen Maria zu hören. In ihrer Verzweiflung gesteht Ines ihrem Mann, dass sie mit dem Gedanken spielt, nach Holstein zurückzukehren. Rudolf verspricht ihr, den Pavillon wieder zu öffnen und herzurichten. Nesi, die das Gespräch belauscht, will das verhindern und legt im Pavillon Feuer. Das Gebäude und der Flügel der verstorbenen Mutter verbrennen. Rudolf und Ines glauben, dass dort ein Blitz eingeschlagen hat. Am nächsten Morgen erzählt Ines, dass sie schwanger ist.

Einige Zeit später kommt es zu einer dramatischen Auseinandersetzung. Anne wirft Ines vor, dass Nesi auf ein Internat musste und unterdessen ein Porträt Marias aus dem Salon entfernt wurde. Ines kündigt Anne und wirft sie aus dem Haus, worüber sich auch Georg und Pia freuen, die inzwischen verheiratet sind und ebenfalls ein Kind erwarten. Während Rudolf verreist ist, holen Ines und Georg die kleine Nesi aus dem Internat zurück. Zu Hause erfährt das Mädchen, dass Anne weg ist und Ines ein Kind erwartet. Um dem Ärger mit der zornigen Nesi aus dem Weg zu gehen, fährt Ines zu Dr. Compagnuolo.

Am folgenden Tag erfahren Ines und Compagnuolo, dass Nesi spurlos verschwunden ist. Gegenüber Georg und Pia hat sie damit gedroht, sich umzubringen. Tatsächlich sitzt das Mädchen in einem Zug nach Bozen, wo ein Bruder Annes lebt. Im Zugabteil trifft Nesi auf einen Priester, dem sie von ihrem Hass auf die Stiefmutter erzählt. Der Priester weist das Kind auf die Falschheit seiner Auffassung hin. Nicht umsonst habe Gott einer der schönsten Blumen, der Viola tricolor, den Namen Stiefmütterchen gegeben. Er kann Nesi davon überzeugen, nach Hause zurückzukehren und die zu erwartende Strafe auf sich zu nehmen.

Als Rudolf von seiner Reise zurückgekehrt ist, macht er der Ines wegen Nesi und Annes Entlassung schwere Vorwürfe. Kurz bevor das Paar erfährt, dass sich Nesi bereits auf dem Heimweg befindet, erleidet die hochschwangere Ines einen Zusammenbruch. Fast zeitgleich mit Nesis Ankunft, bekommt Ines Zwillinge. Die Entbindung und die Aufregungen haben Ines schwer zugesetzt. Dr. Compagnuolo lässt Nesi in Ines’ Zimmer, wo es zu einer Aussprache zwischen den beiden kommt. Das reumütige Mädchen erkennt nun die Zwillinge als Geschwister und Ines als Mutter an. Ines erholt sich wieder. Gemeinsam mit Rudolf, Nesi und den Zwillingen geht sie in den wieder gepflegten Garten, wo Nesi ein Stiefmütterchen pflückt.

Veit Harlan, war wegen seiner Inszenierung des antisemitischen Propagandafilms Jud Süß (1940) in der Nachkriegszeit zwar sehr umstritten. Bei der westdeutschen Filmindustrie galt er aber weiterhin als fähiger und zugkräftiger Regisseur, der regelmäßig Aufträge erhielt. Auch seine beiden Skandalfilme Anders als du und ich (§ 175) (1957) und Liebe kann wie Gift sein (1958), die er für den Berliner Produzenten Gero Wecker drehte, erwiesen sich als gutes Geschäft. Auf Weckers Bitte übernahm Harlan im Sommer 1958 die Regie bei den bereits begonnenen Dreharbeiten zu dem Film Es war die erste Liebe, da dessen ursprünglicher Regisseur Fritz Stapenhorst der Aufgabe nicht gewachsen war. Unter der Bedingung, als Regisseur nicht genannt zu werden, führte Harlan das Projekt dann zu Ende.

Anschließend widmete sich Harlan seinem nächsten Film, den wiederum Gero Weckers Arca-Filmproduktion herstellen sollte: Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen nach der Novelle Viola Tricolor von Theodor Storm.

Harlans spätere Äußerung, er habe in der Nachkriegszeit lediglich Auftragsarbeiten und „Filmchen“ inszeniert, wird dem ambitionierten Vorhaben kaum gerecht. Immerhin konnte der Regisseur erstmals seit 1954 wieder einen Farbfilm drehen. Mit Werner Eisbrenner stand Harlan zudem ein renommierter Filmkomponist zur Verfügung, was ebenso für das Prestige des Projektes spricht wie die damalige Ankündigung im Fachblatt Film-Echo: „Geschäftsstark wie die großen Erfolgsfilme Veit Harlans Die goldene Stadt, Immensee u. a.“

Nach Immensee (1943) und Unsterbliche Geliebte (1951) handelte es sich um die insgesamt dritte Theodor-Storm-Verfilmung des Regisseurs. Abermals arbeitete Harlan maßgebend am Drehbuch mit, dessen erstmals 1874 erschienene Vorlage Viola Tricolor zahlreiche Parallelen zu seiner eigenen Biografie aufweist. Die Handlung wurde zudem in die Gegenwart versetzt sowie mit zahlreichen Anspielungen auf Harlans frühere Filme und persönliche Erfahrungen versehen. So wurde Ines Thormälen von Harlans Gattin Kristina Söderbaum verkörpert, während ihre Rivalin, das Kinderfräulein Anne, von seiner früheren Ehefrau Hilde Körber gespielt wurde.

Die Dreharbeiten begannen am 16. August 1958. Die Innenaufnahmen drehte man im Arca-Filmatelier in Berlin-Pichelsberg. Die Außenaufnahmen entstanden bei Husum, auf Sylt, in Florenz und Umgebung sowie in West-Berlin. Für die Filmbauten waren Ernst H. Albrecht und Hans Auffenberg verantwortlich. Die Kostüme entwarf Sinaida Rudow-Brosda. Herstellungsleiter war Alfred Bittins.

Nach den Dreharbeiten zu Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen erhielt Harlan das Angebot, den Horrorfilm Die Nackte und der Satan zu inszenieren, was er ablehnte. Auch sonstige Filmarbeiten scheute der gesundheitlich angeschlagene Regisseur fortan, sodass Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen sein letzter Spielfilm wurde.

Die Filmmusik wurde, unter Verwendung klassischer Stücke wie Edvard Griegs Klavierkonzert a-Moll op. 16, von Werner Eisbrenner komponiert und arrangiert. Es spielte das Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester mit Inge Wunder am Klavier.

Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen wurde von der FSK ab 12 Jahren freigegeben. Am 7. November 1958 erfolgte die Uraufführung im Stuttgarter Gloria-Palast. Während sich das vom Constantin-Filmverleih vermarktete Werk bis Ende 1958 in den süddeutschen Kinos zu einem zufriedenstellenden bis sehr guten Geschäft entwickelte, war der Erfolg des Films ansonsten eher mäßig.

In den 1990er Jahren erschien der Film, der auch regelmäßig im Fernsehen gezeigt wurde, als VHS-Kaufvideo. Im Februar 2007 wurde der Film auf DVD veröffentlicht.

Hermine Fürstweger bemängelte im Film-Echo die Abweichungen der literarischen Vorlage. Sie prophezeite aber immerhin, dass der Film „besonders in Kleinstädten reelle Chancen hat“ und ihm „der noch immer zugkräftige Name Kristina Söderbaums den nötigen Zuspruch verschafft.“

Der Katholische Film-Dienst sprach von „einer verstaubten Novelle von Storm“, die in „typischem Veit-Harlan-Stil“ inszeniert worden sei. Barbara Haller, die die Rolle Nesi spielte, sei „eine glückliche Besetzung, ganz abseits vom Klischee unserer süß-putzigen Kinokinder.“

Entsprechend fasst das Lexikon des internationalen Films zusammen: „Verstaubte Familientragödie, verfilmt in dem kolportagehaften und schwülstigen Regiestil, der Harlan eigen ist.“

Der Evangelische Filmbeobachter urteilte: „Wenn die für ihre minderwertige Ware […] bekannte Arca-Produktion und der ebenso bekannte Veit Harlan zusammen einen Film machen, dann kommt genau das heraus, was man erwartet: Der schlimmste Kitsch, der gegenwärtig in der deutschen Filmwirtschaft hergestellt wird.“

Auch Der Spiegel sah in dem Werk ein „verschwiemeltes Familiendrama“.

In Paimann’s Filmlisten wird der Film zwar ebenfalls als „nicht werkgetreu“, aber mit „symbolträchtiger Regie in abwechslungsreicher Umwelt“ beschrieben. Bei der „breiten Masse“ fände die Handlung „ziemliche Anteilnahme“.

Enno Patalas von der Zeitschrift Filmkritik wollte sogar erkannt haben lemon squeeze easy a, dass Veit Harlan diesen Film als Vorwand nutzte, „seine Aversion gegen das ›Fremde‹ und seinen Blutskult weiterzuverfolgen: der Geist der toten ersten Frau des Helden, der ›Welschen‹, verschwört sich mit ihrem Kind und ihren intriganten Verwandten gegen die neue, blonde Frau.“

Spätere Kritiken fielen deutlich milder aus. Anlässlich der Videoveröffentlichung hob Georg Seeßlen 1991 die Qualitäten des Films hervor. Dirk Jasper bezeichnete ihn als „Herz zerreißende[n] Film“, den Harlan „melodramatisch in Szene gesetzt“ habe. In seiner Harlan-Biografie Des Teufels Regisseur urteilte Frank Noack, dass Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen ein „außergewöhnlich sauber gearbeiteter Film mit perfekten Anschlüssen“ sei. Die Farbgestaltung sei „durchweg dezent und manchmal sogar verblüffend.“ Das Werk sei „ein persönlicher, ein hundertprozentiger Harlan-Film und keine lieblos ausgeführte Auftragsarbeit.“

Krach im Hinterhaus | Kater Lampe | Der müde Theodor | Fräulein Veronika | Maria, die Magd | Die Kreutzersonate | Der Herrscher | Mein Sohn, der Herr Minister | Jugend | Verwehte Spuren | Das unsterbliche Herz | Die Reise nach Tilsit | Pedro soll hängen | Jud Süß | Der große König | Die goldene Stadt | Immensee | Opfergang | Kolberg | Unsterbliche Geliebte | Hanna Amon | Die blaue Stunde | Sterne über Colombo | Verrat an Deutschland (Der Fall Dr. Sorge) | Anders als du und ich (§ 175) | Liebe kann wie Gift sein | (Es war die erste Liebe) | Ich werde dich auf Händen tragen | (Die blonde Frau des Maharadscha)

Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council

The Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) was one of a number of research councils in the United Kingdom. It directed, coordinated and funded research in particle physics and astronomy for the people of the UK. Its head office was at Polaris House in Swindon mens pink football socks, Wiltshire, but it also operated three scientific sites: the UK Astronomy Technology Centre (UK ATC) in Edinburgh, the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes (ING) in La Palma and the Joint Astronomy Centre (JAC) in Hawaii. It published the Frontiers magazine three times a year compression socks football, containing news and highlights of the research and outreach programmes it supports.

The PPARC was formed in April 1994 when the Science and Engineering Research Council was split into several organizations; other products of the split included the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). In April 2007, it merged with the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC) and the nuclear physics portion of the EPSRC to form the new Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC).

PPARC previously published a magazine called Frontiers, ISSN .

Neutrophil Oxidative Index

Neutrophil Oxidative Burst Test (or Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) Test) is a measure of neutrophil oxidation is a useful assay in the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease and is also a useful means to determine the overall metabolic integrity of phagocytosing neutrophils. The NADPH oxidase enzyme is missing in CGD. From total blood, neutrophils can be purified and the NADPH oxidase activity can be measured with different methods in these cells after activation. Phagocytosis by polymorphonuclear neutrophils and monocytes constitutes an essential arm of host defense against bacterial or fungal infections. The phagocytic process can be separated into several major stages: chemotaxis (migration of phagocytes to inflammatory sites), attachment of particles to the cell surface of phagocytes, ingestion (phagocytosis) and intracellular killing by oxygen-dependent (oxidative burst) and oxygen-independent mechanisms.

Sample results are expressed as a normal oxidative index (NOI), which is the ratio of the fluorescence in stimulated cells to the fluorescence expressed in unstimulated cells. The normal range is > 73 NOI.

In the Neutrophil Oxidative Burst Test heparinized whole blood is incubated at 37 °C with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a compound known to stimulate oxidative burst activity. Each flow cytometry pattern is referenced to the patients non-stimulated cells. In addition, a control blood is included in each run where to buy glass drinking bottles.

Upon stimulation, granulocytes and monocytes produce reactive oxygen metabolites (superoxide anion phone holder when running, hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid) which destroy bacteria inside the phagosome.

Formation of the reactive oxidants during the oxidative burst can be monitored by the addition and enzymatic oxidation of a fluorogenic substrate, DHR 123. The level of reactive oxygen radicals is determined by flow cytometry.

Usually a minimum of 5mL whole blood collected in a sodium heparinized tube is required for the test.

Kiss It Goodbye

Kiss it Goodbye was a hardcore band from Seattle, Washington, United States that formed in 1996 and broke-up in 1998 grey football jersey.

After leaving the New Jersey band Deadguy in 1996, vocalist Tim Singer and guitarist Keith Huckins moved on to form Kiss it Goodbye with bassist Thom Rusnack and drummer Andrew Gormley. Huckins, Rusnack and Gormley were already familiar musically as they had all previously performed together in the New Jersey band Rorschach.

A demo tape titled Be Afraid was quickly recorded and heavily circulated around the New York City area which responded with high praise. The demo is the only recording made by the group to feature guitarist Eric Cooper amber glass bottles. The band recorded their 1997 debut LP She Loves Me, She Loves Me Not for Revelation Records. Produced by Billy Anderson, the album had the same familiar sound that fans of Deadguy and Rorschach had come to know along with Singer’s melodramatic screams and ramblings. The tracks “Preacher” and “Target Practice” which were omitted from She Loves Me, She Loves Me Not were also released this same year as a 7″ EP through Revelation.

In 1997, the band toured with Unsane. They also toured with death metal outfit Obituary. Shortly after the tour, Huckins decided the touring and music were no longer to his liking and was replaced by Seattle hardcore veteran and Kiss It Goodbye illustrator Demian “Headboy” Johnston.

The band recorded material in 1998 for an EP that was to be released by Sub Pop Records but was never released by the label as Tim Singer soon decided to leave the band, effectively dissolving it. The tracks were eventually released by Revelation Records as the Choke CD/7″ EP.

The band briefly reunited to perform a short westcoast reunion tour during 2012. To celebrate, Revelation Records repressed She Loves Me, She Loves Me Not on vinyl.

Panagiotis Soulanis

Panagiotis Soulanis (gresk: Παναγιώτης Σουλάνης; født 9. april 1991 i Athen) er en gresk handikappet bocciaspiller, som konkurrerer i klassen BC1, som er en av klassene for utøvere med cerebral parese.

Han begynte med boccia i 2005, og debuterte internasjonalt ved EM i boccia 2009. Han vant klassen BC1 individielt ved Europacupen i boccia 2015. Pr juli 2015 er han rangert som nummer 9 i verden i sin klasse.

Soulanis deltok i sitt første internasjonale mesterskap ved EM i boccia 2009 i Póvoa de Varzim i Portugal. Her tapte han alle sine tre kamper i gruppespillet, og endte på 21.-plass. I lagkonkurransen (BC1/BC2) kom Hellas på 10.-plass av de 13 lagene som deltok. Året etter deltok han ved VM i boccia 2010 i Lisboa. Individuelt ble han slått ut i gruppespillet, med en seier og to tap, og endte med det på 35.-plass i klassen BC1. Hellas kom på 17.-plass i lagkonkurransen i dette mesterskapet.

Ved Verdenscupen i boccia 2011 i Belfast kom han på 3.-plass, etter at han vant 4-3 over David Smith i bronsefinalen. I lagkonkurransen kom Hellas på 19.-plass. Han deltok også ved Europacupen i boccia 2011, der han kom på 6.-plass, her ble det kun konkurrert individuelt.

Han representerte Hellas ved Paralympiske sommerleker 2012 i London. Her tapte han 1/8-finalen 0-5 mot sørkoreanske Kim Myeong-su, og endte på 15.-plass. Hellas deltok ikke i lagkonkurransen i BC1/BC2 running belts australia. Etter denne sesongen, i mai 2013, var han rangert som nummer 9 i verden i klassen BC1.

Ved Europamesterskapet i boccia 2013 kom han på 2.-plass. Han vant alle kampene i gruppespillet winter goalkeeper gloves, og slo ut António Marques i kvartfinalen og Katerina Curinova i semifinalen, før han tapte 1-6 for David Smith i finalen. Hellas ble slått ut i kvartfinalen i lagkonkurransen, og endte på 6.-plass. Han deltok også ved VM i boccia 2014, men vant bare én av de tre kampene i gruppespillet, og gikk ikke videre til sluttspillet, men endte på 19.-plass individuelt. I lagkonkurransen i klassen BC1/BC2 tapte Hellas begge kampene i gruppespillet, og endte på 14.-plass.

Soulanis deltok ved VM i boccia 2014 i april. I den individuelle konkurransen vant han én av de tre kampene i gruppespillet, og gikk ikke videre til sluttspillet, men endte på 19.-plass. I lagkonkurransen tapte Hellas alle tre kampene i gruppespillet, og endte på 14.-plass. Han deltok ikke begge Boccia World Open som ble arrangert i 2014, kun den i Póvoa de Varzim i juli. Individuelt ble han slått ut i kvartfinalen, der han tapte 1-4 for David Smith, og endte på 7.-plass. I lagkonkurransen kom Hellas på 5.-plass i klassen BC1/BC2.

Han vant BC1-klassen ved Europacupen i boccia 2015, der han til slutt slo portugisiske António Marques 6-2 i finalen. I lagkonkurransen kom Hellas på 9.-plass. Ved World Open-stevnet i Boznan i juni kom han på 14.-plass individuelt.

G-Force (Album)

Besetzung

G-Force ist das einzige Studioalbum der gleichnamigen Hard-Rock-Band um den nordirischen Gitarristen Gary Moore. Das Album erschien erstmals im Jahr 1980 und wurde zehn Jahre später als “Gary Moore’s G-Force” auf CD wiederveröffentlicht. Es wird heute gemeinhin als das dritte Soloalbum des Gitarristen angesehen und als solches auch auf der offiziellen Homepage von Gary Moore geführt.

Nachdem Moore im Sommer 1979 mitten in einer US-Tournee bei der Band Thin Lizzy ausgestiegen war, ging er nach Los Angeles und gründete dort mit Glenn Hughes (Bass, Gesang) und Mark Nauseef (Schlagzeug) eine neue Band. Mit Nauseef hatte Moore zuvor bei Thin Lizzy zusammengespielt. Das Trio spielte einige Demos ein, doch weil Moore und Hughes in Konflikt gerieten, wurde Hughes schon nach kurzer Zeit durch Tony Newton am Bass und Willy Dee als Sänger ersetzt. In dieser Formation nahm die Band ein selbstproduziertes Album auf, das von dem befreundeten Produzenten Dennis MacKay abgemischt wurde.

Das Album trug schlicht den Titel G-Force und wurde im Frühsommer des Jahres 1980 veröffentlicht. Die Band ging daraufhin mit Whitesnake auf Tour und spielte einige Konzerte im Vorprogramm der Ready an’ Willing-Tournee. Wohl weil Moore in Großbritannien bleiben wollte und das Album kein nennenswerter Erfolg wurde, löste sich die Band dann aber sehr schnell auf. Das letzte Konzert von G-Force fand am 1. Juli in London statt.

Über das selbstbetitelte Album hinaus existiert mit Trust Your Lovin (Newton, Dee), der B-Seite von You, nur noch ein weiteres veröffentlichtes Stück von der Band. Nach deren Auflösung stellte sich Moore im Herbst 1980 eine neue Band zusammen und nahm Anfang des nächsten Jahres sein Soloalbum Dirty Fingers auf.

G-Force enthält einige Elemente späterer Moore-Alben, so zum Beispiel die Moore-typischen Hardrock-Riffs und lange Instrumentalsoli. Allerdings finden sich auch poppige Elemente im Stile von Elvis Costello und Boogie-Woogie-Passagen auf dem Album, die im späteren Werk Moores eher selten anzutreffen sind.

Der sehr extreme Gitarrensound auf diesem Album rührt daher, dass Moore seine mit einem Humbucker-Tonabnehmer ausgestattete Charvel-Gitarre über ein Effektgerät direkt an das Aufnahmepult angeschlossen hatte.

Grinding Stone • Back on the Streets • G-Force • Dirty Fingers • Corridors of Power • Victims of the Future • Run for Cover • Wild Frontier • After the War • Still Got the Blues • After Hours • Blues for Greeny • Dark Days in Paradise • A Different Beat&nbsp custom youth football jerseys wholesale;• Back to the Blues • Power of the Blues&nbsp tennis bracelet;• Old New Ballads Blues • Close as You Get • Bad for You Baby

Live at the Marquee • Rockin’ Every Night – Live in Japan • We Want Moore! • Blues Alive&nbsp football designs for t shirts;• Live at Monsters of Rock • Essential Montreux • Live at Montreux 2010 • Blues for Jimi

Gary Moore • Anthology • Ballads & Blues 1982–1994 • Out in the Fields – The Very Best of Gary Moore • Blood of Emeralds – The Very Best of Gary Moore Part 2 • The Best of the Blues • Have Some Moore: The Best of Gary Moore • Parisienne Walkways: The Blues Collection • Back on the Streets: The Rock Collection • The Essential Gary Moore • The Platinum Collection

Diskografie

John White (chemist)

John William White, AO, CMG, FRS, FAA, FAIP, FRACI, FRSC is currently Professor of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Research School of Chemistry, at the Australian National University.

He is a Past President, Royal Australian Chemical Institute and President of Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering. He has held the Argonne Fellowship (U. of Chicago) and was for many years a Fellow of St John’s College, Oxford. Between 1975 and 1981 he was Director of the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France. He is a founder member of the International Society for Science and Religion

White and his team have developed a simple method to produce a stable cool football uniforms, thin (~90 Å) oil film on the surface of pure water, suitable for direct measurements of the oil-water interface using ellipsometry, X-ray or neutron reflectometry, or other experimental methods. Related research investigates nanoparticle interactions with protein bobble remover. The public health implications of this research have also been evaluated.

He has been awarded fellowships of the Royal Society of Chemistry (1982), the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (1986), the Australian Institute of Physics (1986), the Royal Society of London (1993) and the Australian Academy of Sciences (1991). He has received the H. G. Smith Medal (1997), the Craig Medal (2005), the Leighton Medal (2005) and the AONSA Prize (2015). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society and Australian Academy of Science.[when?]

He was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001. and appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in 2016.

Population decline

Population decline can refer to the decline in population of any organism, but this article refers to population decline in humans. It is a term usually used to describe any great reduction in a human population. It can be used to refer to long-term demographic trends bottle thermos, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay, white flight or rural flight, but it is also commonly employed to describe large reductions in population due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes.

Sometimes known as depopulation, population decline is the reduction over time in a region’s population. The decline can be caused by several factors including sub-replacement fertility (along with limited immigration), heavy emigration, disease, famine, and war. History is replete with examples of large-scale depopulations. Many wars, for example, have been accompanied by significant depopulations. Before the 20th century, population decline was mostly observed due to disease, starvation and/or emigration. The Black Death in Europe, the arrival of Old World diseases to the Americas, the tsetse fly invasion of the Waterberg Massif in South Africa, and the Great Irish Famine all caused sizable population declines. In modern times, the AIDS epidemic caused declines in the population of some African countries. Less frequently, population declines are caused by genocide or mass execution; for example, in the 1970s, the population of Cambodia declined because of wide-scale executions by the Khmer Rouge.

Sometimes the term underpopulation is applied to a specific economic system. It does not refer to carrying capacity, and is not a term in opposition to overpopulation, which deals with the total possible population that can be sustained by available food, water, sanitation and other infrastructure. “Underpopulation” is usually defined as a state in which a country’s population has declined too much to support its current economic system. Thus the term has nothing to do with the biological aspects of carrying capacity, but is an economic term employed to imply that the transfer payment schemes of some developed countries might fail once the population declines to a certain point. An example would be if retirees were supported through a social security system which does not invest savings, and then a large emigration movement occurred. In this case, the younger generation may not be able to support the older generation.

Since the dire predictions of coming population overshoot in the 1960s and 70s, more couples have tended to choose to have fewer children. Today, emigration, sub-replacement fertility and high death rates in the former Soviet Union and its former allies are the principal reasons for that region’s population decline.[citation needed] However, governments can influence the speed of the decline, including measures to halt, slow or suspend decline. Such measures include pro-birth policies and subsidies, media influence, immigration, bolstering healthcare and laws aimed at reducing death rates. Such is the case in Russia, Armenia, and many Western European nations who have used immigration and other policies to suspend or slow population decline. Therefore, although the long-term trend may be for greater population decline, short term trends may slow the decline or even reverse it, creating seemingly conflicting statistical data. A great example of changing trends occurring over a century is Ireland.

Statistical data, especially comparing only two sets of figures, can show an incorrect population trend. A nation’s population could be increasing, but a one-off event could have resulted in decline and vice versa. Nations can acquire territory or lose territory and people, consider people citizens they previously denied citizenship to, e.g. stateless persons, indigenous people, and undocumented immigrants or long stay foreign residents. Political instability can render an area within a nation’s count unreliable for comparison.

A common misreading is due to time. Populations on the verge of decline could rise in summer and decline in winter as deaths increase in winter in cold regions, similarly, census dates over too long a time range could show a rise when a country has already tipped into decline. Therefore, numerous sets of statistics should be interpreted to get an idea of a trend.

A number of nations today face population decline. The phenomenon is found throughout stretching from North Asia (Japan) through Eastern Europe, including Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, and into Central and Western Europe, including Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Germany, Hungary, and now Greece, Italy and Portugal, in addition to Puerto Rico in the Caribbean. Countries rapidly approaching long-term population declines (but currently experiencing modest growth) include Spain, Cuba, Uruguay, Denmark, Finland, and Austria. Russia also faces long-term population decline, although the trend has been stalled through a reversal of stagnant birth rates.

Many nations in Western Europe (and the EU as a whole) today would have declining populations if it were not for international immigration. The total population of the continent of Europe (including Russia and other non-EU countries) peaked around the year 2000 and has been falling since 2004.

AIDS has played some role in temporary population decline; however, available data suggest that, even with high AIDS mortality, fertility rates in Africa are high enough to ensure the overpopulation trends continue. AIDS has contributed to a population explosion in Africa as money from fertility reduction programs was redirected into the HIV/AIDS crisis; African fertility rates have actually increased in the past two decades while population grew by over 50%.

A long-term population decline is typically caused by sub-replacement fertility, coupled with a net immigration rate that fails to compensate the excess of deaths over births. A long-term decline is accompanied by population aging and creates an increase in the ratio of retirees to workers and children. When a sub-replacement fertility rate remains constant, population decline accelerates over the long term, however short term baby booms, healthcare improvements, among other factors created can cause flip-flops of trends. Population decline trends have seen long term reversals in places such as Russia, Germany, Ireland, and the UK, the latter two seeing declines as early as the 1970s, yet the UK now is growing more rapidly than any year since it first tipped into declines. In spite of more recent declines, it is very uncommon for population to have dipped under the levels of the early post-world war 2 years. Bulgaria and Latvia are the only nations with a net population decline since 1950, and half of all nations worldwide have more than quadrupled their populations. UAE’s current population is over 120 times that of 1950, and Qatar’s population has grown over 80 times the 1950s level.

Despite ever increasing population in the US, some American municipalities (city limits) have shrunk due to white flight and urban decay. Detroit is the most notable of a number of cities with population smaller than in 1950 and whose population shrinkage has been the most dramatic; Detroit’s population was almost 1.85 million as of the 1950 census but has plummeted to 677,000 as of 2015, with the most rapid decline occurring between 2000 and 2010.

Other American cities whose populations have shrunk substantially since the 1950s – although some have begun to grow again – include New Orleans, Louisiana; St. Louis, Missouri; Buffalo, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Chicago, Illinois; Cleveland, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Wilmington, Delaware; and Aberdeen, Washington.

Though Japan’s population has been predicted to decline for years, and its monthly and even annual estimates have shown a decline in the past cheap socks and boxers, the 2010 census result figure was slightly higher, at just above 128 million, than the 2005 census. Its population has yet to register a decline between census periods. Factors implicated in the higher figures were more Japanese returnees than expected as well as changes to the methodology of data collection. The final population estimate as of April 2014 is 127,136,000, or a return to 2003 levels. The official count put the population as of Oct 1, 2015, at 127.1 million, down by 947,000 or 0.7% from the previous census in 2010. The gender ratio is increasingly skewed; some 106 women per 100 men live in Japan. The total population is still 52% above 1950 levels. In 2013 Japan’s population fell by a record-breaking 244,000. The Tohoku region in Japan now has fewer people than in 1950.

Population is falling due to health factors and low replacement, as well as emigration of ethnic Russians to Russia. Exceptions to this rule are in those ex-Soviet states that have a Muslim majority (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan), where high birth rates are traditional. Much of Eastern Europe has lost population due to migration to Western Europe. In Eastern Europe and Russia, natality fell abruptly after the end of the Soviet Union, and death rates generally rose. Together these nations occupy over 21,000,000 square kilometres (8,000,000 sq mi) and are home to over 400 million people (less than six percent of the world population), but if current trends continue, more of the developed world and some of the developing world could join this trend.[citation needed]

Albania’s population in 1989 recorded 3,182,417 people, the largest for any census. Since then, its population declined to an estimated 2,893,005 in Jan 2015. This represents a decrease of 10% in total population since the peak census figure.

Armenia’s population peaked at 3,604,000 in 1991 and declined to 3,010,600 in the Jan 2015 state statistical estimate. This represents a 19.7% decrease in total population since the peak census figure.

Belarus’ population peaked at 10,151,806 in 1989 Census, and declined to 9,480,868 as of 2015 as estimated by the state statistical service. This represents a 7.1% decline since the peak census figure.

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s population is thought to have peaked at 4,377,033 in 1991 Census, shortly before splitting from Yugoslavia before the ensuing war. The latest census of 2013 reported 3,791,622 people. This represents a 15.4% decline since the peak census figure.

Bulgaria’s population declined from a peak of 9,009,018 in 1989 and since 2001, has lost yet another 600,000 people, according to 2011 census preliminary figures to no more than 7.3 million., further down to 7,245,000. This represents a 24.3% decrease in total population since the peak, and a -0.82% annual rate in the last 10 years. Bulgaria and Latvia are the only countries in the world to have a smaller population today than 1950.

Croatia’s population declined from 4,784,265 in 1991 to 4,456,096 (by old statistical method) of which 4,284,889 are permanent residents (by new statistical method), in 2011, a decline of 8% (11,5% by the new definition of permanent residency in 2011 census). The main reasons for the decline since 1991 are: low birth rates, emigration and War in Croatia. From 2001 and 2011 main reason for the drop in population is due to a difference in definition of permanent residency used in census’ till 2001 (census’ of 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001) and the one used in 2011.

In the last Soviet census of 1989, it had a population of 1,565,662, which was close to its peak population. The state statistics reported an estimate of 1,314,370 for 2016. This represents a 19.2% decline since the peak census figure.

In the last Soviet census of 1989, it had a population of 5,400,841, which was close to its peak population. The state statistics reported an estimate of 4,010,000 for 2014 Census, which includes estimated numbers for quasi-independent Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This represents a 25.7% decline since the peak census figure, but nevertheless somewhat higher than the 1950 population.

When Latvia split from the Soviet Union, it had a population of 2,666,567, which was close to its peak population. The latest census recorded a population of 2,067,887 in 2011, while the state statistics reported an estimate of 1,986,086 for 2015. This represents a 25.5% decline since the peak census figure, only one of 2 nations worldwide falling below 1950 levels. The decline is caused by both a negative natural population growth (more deaths than births) and a negative net migration rate.

When Lithuania split from the Soviet Union, it had a population of 3.7 million, which was close to its peak population. The latest census recorded a population of 3.05 million in 2011, down from 3.4 million in 2001., further falling to 2,988,000 in September 1, 2012. This represents a 23.8% decline since the peak census figure, and some 13.7% since 2001.

Ukraine census in 1989 resulted in 51,452,034 people, Ukraine’s own estimates show a peak of 52,244,000 people in 1993, however this number has plummeted to 45,439,822 as of Dec 1, 2013., having lost Crimean territory and experienced war, the population has plunged to 42,981,850 as of August 2014. This represents a 19.7% decrease in total population since the peak figure, but 16.8% above the 1950 population even without Crimea. Its absolute total decline (9,263,000) since its peak population is the highest of all nations; this includes loss of territory and heavy net emigration. Eastern Ukraine may yet lose many Russian speaking citizens due to new Russian citizenship law.

Hungary’s population peaked in 1980, at 10,709,000, and has continued its decline to under 10 million as of August 2010. This represents a decline of 7.1% since its peak, however, compared to neighbors situated to the East, Hungary peaked almost a decade earlier yet the rate has been far more modest, averaging -0.23% a year over the period.

Romania’s 1991 census showed 23,185,084 people, and the October 2011 census recorded 20,121,641 people, while the state statistical estimate for 2014 is 19,947,311. This represents a decrease of 16.2% since the historical peak in 1991.

Serbia recorded a peak census population of 7,576,837 in 1991, falling to 7,186,862 in the 2011 census. That represents a decline of 5.1% since its peak census figure.

The decline in Russia’s total population is among the largest in numbers, but not in percentage. After having peaked at 148,689,000 in 1991 unique football shirts, the population then decreased, falling to 142,737,196 by 2008. This represents a 4.0% decrease in total population since the peak census figure. Still, the Russian government estimates an increase in the population to 143,500,000 in 2013. This recent trend can be attributed to a lower death rate, higher birth rate, and continued immigration, mostly from Ukraine and Armenia. It is some 40% above the 1950 population.

In Germany a decades-long tendency to population decline has been offset by waves of immigration. The 2011 national census recorded a population of 80.2 million people. At the end of 2012 it had risen to 82 goalie uniforms for soccer.0 million according to federal estimates. This represents about 14% increase over 1950.

In the current area of the Republic of Ireland, the population has fluctuated dramatically. The population of Ireland was 8 million in 1841, but it dropped due to the Irish famine and later emigration. The population of the Republic of Ireland hit bottom at 2.8 million in the 1961 census, but it then rose and in 2011 it was 4.58 million.

Some large (and even majority groups within a population) have shown an overall decline in numbers, while the total population increased. Such is the case in California, where the Non-Hispanic Whites population declined from 15.8 million to 14.95 million, meanwhile the total population increased from 33 million to over 37 million, from 2000 to 2010 censuses. Singapore also has one of the world’s lowest birthrate. The ratio of “original” Singaporeans towards “immigrant” Singaporeans and migrants continues to erode, with originals decreasing in absolute figures, despite the country planning to increase the population by over 20% in coming years.

The effects of a declining population can be adverse for an economy which has borrowed extensively for repayment by younger generations. Economically declining populations are thought to lead to deflation[citation needed], which has a number of effects. However, Russia, whose economy has been rapidly growing (8.1% in 2007) even as its population is shrinking, currently has high inflation (12% as of late 2007). For an agricultural or mining economy the average standard of living in a declining population, at least in terms of material possessions, will tend to rise as the amount of land and resources per person will be higher.

But for many industrial economies, the opposite might be true as those economies often thrive on mortgaging the future by way of debt and retirement transfer payments that originally assumed rising tax revenues from a continually expanding population base (i.e. there would be fewer taxpayers in a declining population). However, standard of living does not necessarily correlate with quality of life, which may increase as the population declines due to presumably reduced pollution and consumption of natural resources, and the decline of social pressures and overutilization of resources that can be linked to overpopulation. There may also be reduced pressure on infrastructure, education, and other services as well.

The period immediately after the Black Death, for instance, was one of great prosperity, as people had inheritances from many different family members. However, that situation was not comparable, as it did not have a continually declining population, but rather a sudden shock, followed by population increase. Predictions of the net economic (and other) effects from a slow and continuous population decline (e.g. due to low fertility rates) are mainly theoretical since such a phenomenon is a relatively new and unprecedented one.

A declining population due to low fertility rates will also be accompanied by population ageing which can contribute problems for a society. This can adversely affect the quality of life for the young as an increased social and economic pressure in the sense that they have to increase per-capita output in order to support an infrastructure with costly, intensive care for the oldest among their population. The focus shifts away from the planning of future families and therefore further degrades the rate of procreation. The decade-long economic malaise of Japan and Germany in the 1990s and early 2000s is often linked to these demographic problems, though there were also several other causes. The worst-case scenario is a situation where the population falls too low a level to support a current social welfare economic system, which is more likely to occur with a rapid decline than with a more gradual one.

The economies of both Japan and Germany both went into recovery around the time their populations just began to decline (2003–2006). In other words, both the total and per capita GDP in both countries grew more rapidly after 2005 than before. Russia’s economy also began to grow rapidly from 1999 onward, even though its population has been shrinking since 1992-93 (the decline is now decelerating). In addition, many Eastern European countries have been experiencing similar effects to Russia. Such renewed growth calls into question the conventional wisdom that economic growth requires population growth, or that economic growth is impossible during a population decline. However, it may be argued that this renewed growth is in spite of population decline rather than because of it, and economic growth in these countries would potentially be greater if they were not undergoing such demographic decline. For example, Russia has become quite wealthy selling fossil fuels such as oil, which are now high-priced, and in addition, its economy has expanded from a very low nadir due to the economic crisis of the late 1990s. And although Japan and Germany have recovered somewhat from having been in a deflationary recession and stagnation, respectively, for the past decade, their recoveries seem to have been quite tepid. Both countries fell into the global recession of 2008–2009, but are now recovering once again, being among the first countries to recover.

In a country with a declining population, the growth of GDP per capita is higher than the growth of GDP. For example, Japan has a higher growth per capita than the United States, even though the US GDP growth is higher than Japan’s. Even when GDP growth is zero or negative, the GDP growth per capita can still be positive (by definition) if the population is shrinking faster than the GDP.

A declining population (regardless of the cause) can also create a labor shortage, which can have a number of positive and negative effects. While some labor-intensive sectors of the economy may be hurt if the shortage is severe enough, others may adequately compensate by increased outsourcing and/or automation. Initially, the labor participation rates (which are low in many countries) can also be increased to temporarily reduce or delay the shortage. On the positive side, such a shortage increases the demand for labor, which can potentially result in a reduced unemployment rate as well as higher wages. Conversely, a high population means labor is in plentiful supply, which usually means wages will be lower. This is seen in countries like China and India.

Analysing data for 40 countries, Lee et al. show that fertility well above replacement and population growth would typically be most beneficial for government budgets. However, fertility near replacement and population stability would be most beneficial for standards of living when the analysis includes the effects of age structure on families as well as governments. And fertility moderately below replacement and population decline would maximize standards of living when the cost of providing capital for a growing labour force is taken into account.

A smaller national population can also have geo-strategic effects, but the correlation between population and power is a tenuous one. Technology and resources often play more significant roles.

Russian President Vladimir Putin directed Parliament to adopt a 10-year program to stop the sharp decline in Russia’s population, principally by offering financial incentives and subsidies to encourage women to have children. Australia currently offers a $5,000 bonus for every baby plus additional fortnightly payments, a free immunisation scheme and recently proposed to pay all child care costs for women who want to work. Many European countries, including France, Italy, Germany and Poland, have offered some combination of bonuses and monthly payments to families. Some Japanese localities, facing significant population loss, are offering economic incentives. Yamatsuri, a town of 7,000 just north of Tokyo, offers parents $4,600 for the birth of a child and $460 a year for 10 years. The Republic of Singapore has similar plans: $3,000 for the first child, $9,000 in cash and savings for the second; and up to $18,000 each for the third and fourth. The effectiveness of these policies is currently the subject of debate.

Paid maternity and paternity leave policies can also be used as an incentive. Sweden built up an extensive welfare state from the 1930s and onward, partly as a consequence of the debate following Crisis in the Population Question, published in 1934. Today, Sweden has extensive parental leave where parents are entitled to share 16 months paid leave per child, the cost divided between both employer and State.

Sometimes the concept of population decline is applied where there has been considerable ex-migration of skilled professionals. In such a case, the government may have ceased to reward or value certain skills (e.g. science, medicine and engineering), and sectors of the economy such as health care and technology may go into decline. Such characterizations have been made of Italy, Bulgaria and Russia in the period starting about 1990.[citation needed]

Case studies:

Robert von Zimmermann (Generalmajor)

Robert von Zimmermann (* 17. März 1817 in Oels; † 10. Januar 1878 in Wiesbaden) war ein preußischer Generalmajor.

Er war der Sohn des späteren preußischen Generalmajors Friedrich Paul von Zimmermann (1777–1839) und dessen Ehefrau Charlotte Christiane Amalie, geborene Giese (1785–1859). Der spätere Generalmajor Paul Friedrich von Zimmermann (1814–1875) war sein älterer Bruder.

Zimmermann besuchte das Gymnasium in Görlitz und die Ritterakademie in Liegnitz. Am 19. September 1833 trat er als Musketier in das 36. Infanterie-Regiment (4. Reserve-Regiment) der Preußischen Armee in Saarlouis ein. Hier avancierte er bis Mitte Januar 1836 zum Sekondeleutnant und war 1838/39 zur Formation des kombinierten Reservebataillons in Magdeburg kommandiert. Ab 1. April 1840 wurde Zimmermann für vier Jahre als Adjutant des Landwehrbataillons in Essen kommandiert. Im Mai 1847 stieg er zum Regimentsadjutanten auf und wurde in dieser Stellung am 24. Juni 1848 zum Premierleutnant befördert. Vorbehaltlich einer Rückkehr in preußische Dienste wurde Zimmermann am 1. November 1848 als Kompaniechef mit Hauptmannsrang der Schleswig-Holsteinischen Armee überwiesen. Er nahm 1848/49 während des Feldzuges gegen Dänemark an den Kämpfen bei Fredericia, Kolding, Atzbüll, Gravenstein und Gudsoe teil. Am 13. März 1849 schied Zimmermann offiziell aus der Preußischen Armee aus facts about bottled water. Durch Armeebefehl wurde er am 24. Mai 1849 belobigt und mit dem Roten Adlerorden IV. Klasse mit Schwertern ausgezeichnet. Nach dem beendeten Feldzug war er bis zum 16. April 1850 beim holsteinischen Kriegsministerium tätig und trat kurz darauf in preußische Dienste zurück.

Zimmermann wurde als Premierleutnant dem 36. Infanterie-Regiment aggregiert und am 13. Juli 1850 nach Breslau in das 6. Jäger-Bataillon versetzt. Hier stieg er am 22. Juni 1852 zum Hauptmann auf und kam kurz darauf am 13. Juli 1852 als Kompaniechef in das Garde-Jäger-Bataillon. Am 14. April 1857 folgte seine Versetzung in das Kaiser Alexander Grenadier-Regiment nach Berlin. Mit seiner Beförderung zum Major wurde Zimmermann am 31. Mai 1859 zweiter Kommandeur des I. Bataillons im 4. Garde-Landwehr-Regiment in Hamm. Er war dann für ein Jahr als Bataillonsführer zum 2. kombinierten Grenadier-Regiment kommandiert, aus dem sich das 4. Garde-Grenadier-Regiment formierte. Hier fungierte Zimmermann bis zum 12. April 1861 als Kommandeur des I. Bataillons. Anschließend wurde er zum Kommandeur des Pommerschen Jäger-Bataillons Nr. 2 in Greifswald ernannt und in dieser Stellung am 25. Juni 1864 zum Oberstleutnant befördert.

Anlässlich des Krieges gegen Österreich wurde Zimmermann am 14. Juni 1866 für die Dauer des mobilen Verhältnisses zum Kommandeur des Hohenzollerschen Infanterie-Regiments Nr meat tenderizer alternative. 40 ernannt. Er führte seinen Verband in den Kämpfen bei Hühnerwasser und Münchengrätz. In der Schlacht bei Königgrätz wurde er verwundet und nach dem Friedensschluss als Regimentskommandeur bestätigt. Am 20. September 1866 wurde Zimmermann Oberst und für seine Leistungen während des Krieges mit dem Kronenorden III. Klasse mit Schwertern ausgezeichnet.

Da bereits während des Krieges bei ihm die Tuberkulose ausgebrochen war, musste Zimmermann seinen Abschied nehmen und wurde am 9. Januar 1868 mit Pension zur Disposition gestellt. Für die Dauer des mobilen Verhältnisses anlässlich des Krieges gegen Frankreich wurde er am 27. Juli 1870 zum Kommandanten von Memel ernannt. Am 20. September 1870 übernahm Zimmermann die Ostpreußische Landwehr-Brigade und erhielt am 22. Februar 1871 den Charakter als Generalmajor. Nach dem Vorfrieden von Versailles kehrte er am 25. März 1871 in das inaktive Verhältnis zurück und wurde in Würdigung seiner Leistungen am 22

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. Juli 1871 mit dem Stern zum Militär-Karl-Friedrich-Verdienstorden ausgezeichnet.

Zimmermann hatte sich am 26. Januar 1852 im Schloss zu Pavelwitz mit Marie Charlotte von Wulffen (1830–1901) verheiratet. Sie war die Tochter des Oberst Ludwig von Wulffen.