Robert Burns

Robert Burns (Alloway, 25 gennaio 1759 – Dumfries, 21 luglio 1796) è stato un poeta e compositore scozzese, il più noto fra quanti scrissero versi in Scots.

Nacque ad Alloway, in Ayrshire, Scozia, da una famiglia contadina, primo di sette figli. Nonostante le difficoltà economiche il padre gli procurò un insegnante, secondo il quale il giovane “faceva rapidi progressi nel leggere seppur fosse solo tollerabile nello scrivere”. Burns divenne a quindici anni il principale lavoratore alla fattoria, al punto che la spinta a scrivere divenne per lui uno sfogo e una fuga dalle “sue circostanze”; a quest’età scrisse la prima poesia, My Handsome Nell, che mostra già in questi primi versi il grande senso del ritmo nella scrittura del poeta.

In seguito alla morte del padre, Robert si dimostrò più interessato alla poesia che a condurre la fattoria insieme al fratello Gilbert. Avendo avuto dei guai a causa del figlio illegittimo avuto con Jean Armour (che sarebbe diventata sua moglie), il poeta si preparava a fuggire nelle Indie Orientali. A salvarlo dal diventare uno dei tanti emigrati nelle Americhe fu la pubblicazione nell’aprile del 1786 della sua prima collezione di poesie, Poems – Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (Kilmarnock Edition), raccolta di poesie a tema satirico e amoroso. I Poems ebbero un notevole successo nella sua regione, e gli valsero l’attenzione di diversi ricchi nobili della zona, tra cui anche la facoltosa Miss Dunlop, nientemeno che una discendente di William Wallace: grazie a questo suo successo nelle lettere il poeta poté rimanere in Scozia.

Il 4 luglio 1781, all’età di 22 anni Burns fu iniziato in Massoneria nella “St David Lodge No.174” .

La sua fama crebbe rapidamente: poco dopo la prima pubblicazione delle sue opere il quotidiano Edinburgh Magazine gli dedicò un articolo, e i suoi amici gli suggerirono di recarsi nella capitale per promuovere le sue opere. Fu così che nel 1787 il poeta visitò per la prima volta Edimburgo con lo scopo di preparare una nuova edizione dei suoi Poems. Nella capitale entrò in contatto con i letterati dell’epoca, tra cui Henry Mackenzie, che lo definì heaven taught ploughman (contadino istruito dal Cielo) e il quindicenne Walter Scott, che rimase ammirato dal suo contegno e dal suo carattere. Nonostante ciò, la fama ottenuta nell’ambito dell’élite non fu una soluzione alle ristrettezze economiche (specialmente ora che aveva sposato Jean), cosicché il poeta cominciò ad esercitare la professione di esattore delle tasse, continuando comunque a scrivere poesie e canzoni tradizionali (in tutto conserviamo circa 600 componimenti).

Sull’importanza delle opere di Burns è tuttora in atto una controversa discussione tra la corrente “mainstream”, e chi fa invece notare quanto siano stati sottovalutati e volutamente tralasciati per molti decenni tutti i suoi componimenti politico/satirici, che all’epoca se divulgati gli sarebbero costati l’esilio o la morte. Oltre alle opere, anche la figura del poeta è stata vittima, e lo è tuttora, di pregiudizi e giudizi negativi fondati, secondo molti studiosi di questo secolo, solo su dicerie. L’uscita nel 2001 del Canongate Burns ha riacceso in maniera energica le polemiche tra le due correnti: il Canongate infatti propone diversi componimenti fino ad allora sconosciuti ed ora attribuiti a Burns, contestati però da diversi studiosi.

Non resta che attendere la fine eventuale di questa diatriba per sperare in un lavoro serio di analisi sui presunti nuovi componimenti, tra i quali se ne trovano diversi che certo hanno una somiglianza fortissima con quanto di riconosciuto abbiamo come opera del bardo di Scozia. Oltre a questo, in ambito accademico è anche in corso una accesa discussione per promuovere Burns al rango di poeta maggiore. Di sicuro Burns ha influenzato con le sue opere e con il suo linguaggio poetico vitale ed appassionato grandissimi artisti come Hugh MacDiarmid, Ralph Waldo Emerson, William Butler Yeats, Seamus Heaney.

Oltre a questo, nell’800 e 900 le canzoni composte da Burns e donate alle collezioni di James Johnson e George Thomson ebbero una grandissima diffusione negli Stati Uniti, ma dato che il contributo del poeta era stato perlopiù in forma anonima, nessuno seppe che era quasi tutto frutto delle abilità compositive di Robert Burns. I suoi ultimi anni furono dedicati alla composizione di grandi opere come My love is like a red, red rose o del poema fantastico-leggendario Tam o’ Shanter.

Il faticoso lavoro intrapreso durante l’adolescenza aggravò gli effetti di una malattia cardiaca che lo condusse alla morte a soli 37 anni, il giorno dopo quello in cui la moglie diede alla luce il suo ultimo figlio, Maxwell. Oltre 10.000 persone parteciparono al suo funerale. Ciò fu comunque poco rispetto alla popolarità che l’autore ha raggiunto in Scozia. Egli è il “Bardo Scozzese” che viene ricordato dall’intera nazione ogni anno nell’anniversario della nascita, con le famose Burns suppers, le “cene di Burns”, durante le quali recite, canzoni e discorsi ricordano colui che ha aiutato a mettere per iscritto l’identità di una nazione.

Società letterarie e singole famiglie organizzano ogni anno una cena in onore dell’anniversario della nascita del loro bardo, il 25 gennaio. Per l’occasione, l’intera nazione celebra la propria identità e il proprio orgoglio scozzese, seguendo le bicentenarie tradizioni in modo attento e nostalgico. La cena viene aperta con le parole della Selkirk Grace (“Ringraziamento di Selkirk”) che recita così:

« Some hae meat and cannot eat.
Some cannot eat that want it:
But we hae meat and we can eat,
Sae let the Lord be thankit. »

« Alcuni hanno la carne ma non possono mangiare,
Altri la vogliono e non la possono mangiare:
Ma noi abbiamo la carne e possiamo mangiare olet toothpaste dispenser,
E sia quindi ringraziato il Signore. »

In seguito, la cena prevede piatti tipici della tradizione scozzese: principalmente una minestra come antipasto (generalmente di porro, rape o legumi), seguita dal piatto principale – il famoso haggis

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, uno stomaco di pecora riempito dalle interiora dell’animale – accompagnato da neeps and tatties, ovvero rape e patate.

Nelle cene più raffinate, l’haggis viene portato in tavola dalla Pussy Nancy, una giovane in abito tradizionale accompagnata da un suonatore di cornamusa; uno dei convitati rivolge all’haggis un discorso per poi tagliarlo con il coltello che è parte integrante dell’abito tradizionale maschile. Tutto ciò è seguito da uno dei rinomati pudding o trifles, generalmente inzuppati di sherry, da un caffè e da un goccio di whisky accompagnato da quadretti di Scottish Tablet, un friabile tipo di mou la cui ricetta viene tramandata dalla tradizione.

Dopo il pasto alcuni dei convitati allietano la serata con l’Immortal Memory, un discorso dedicato all’immortale risonanza dell’opera di Burns; il Toast to the Lassies, il “brindisi alle donne”, seguito dalla risposta dalla controparte femminile; poesie e canzoni dal repertorio del poeta, generalmente in sintonia con il tema dell’Immortal Memory. Il tutto viene chiuso, ancora una volta, con i versi di Burns, cantando la canzone di commiato Auld Lang Syne.

Altri progetti

Bertie and Elizabeth

Bertie & Elizabeth is a 2002 television film produced by Carlton Television. The film explores the relationship between King George VI and his wife Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother from their very first meeting to the King’s death in the winter of 1952 conair fabric defuzzer. Bertie & Elizabeth was commissioned especially for the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II and was first broadcast on ITV1 on 4 June 2002, only two months after the death of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.

The film begins with the initial meeting between the then Duke of York and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. The television drama then moves on through their courtship, marriage, and succession to the throne after the abdication of Edward VIII the best way to tenderize steak. We also see the two royals dealing with the events of the Second World War, as Buckingham Palace is partially hit by a Luftwaffe bomb.

The film portrays King George VI’s struggle to overcome his stammer glass water bottles, the fear he felt towards his father and the punishing stress the King was placed under during the abdication crisis of 1936 (see Edward VIII abdication crisis).

Sanry-lès-Vigy

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Si vous avez un doute, l’atelier de lecture du projet Communes de France est à votre disposition pour vous aider. Consultez également la page d’aide à la rédaction d’un article de commune.

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Moselle

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Moselle

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Sanry-lès-Vigy est une commune française située dans le département de la Moselle, en région Grand Est. La commune possède l’écart de Méchy.

Village du Haut-Chemin en Pays messin, dans la seigneurie de Vigy.

Méchy est réuni à Sanry-lès-Vigy par décret du 11 avril 1811.

L’évolution du nombre d’habitants est connue à travers les recensements de la population effectués dans la commune depuis 1793 water glass bottles. À partir du début des années 2000, les populations légales des communes sont publiées annuellement. Le recensement repose désormais sur une collecte d’information annuelle, concernant successivement tous les territoires communaux au cours d’une période de cinq ans. Pour les communes de moins de 10&nbsp lime squeezer stainless steel;000 habitants, une enquête de recensement portant sur toute la population est réalisée tous les cinq ans, les populations légales des années intermédiaires étant quant à elles estimées par interpolation ou extrapolation. Pour la commune, le premier recensement exhaustif entrant dans le cadre du nouveau dispositif a été réalisé en 2006.

En 2014, la commune comptait 512 habitants, en diminution de -3,4 % par rapport à 2009 (Moselle : 0

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,02 % , France hors Mayotte : 2,49 %)

La commune était desservie par le chemin de fer de 1908 aux années 1950. Située le long de la ligne de Metz à Anzeling, elle accueillait un trafic voyageurs, postal et marchandises. Aujourd’hui, la ligne est à l’abandon.

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Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī

Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī är ett berg i Afghanistan. Det ligger i provinsen Nurestan, i den nordöstra delen av landet, 130 kilometer nordost om huvudstaden Kabul. Toppen på Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī är 3 421 meter över havet, eller 36 meter över den omgivande terrängen awesome football uniforms. Bredden vid basen är 0,09 km.

Terrängen runt Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī är mycket bergig, och sluttar västerut. Den högsta punkten i närheten är 3 742 meter över havet, 1,1 kilometer söder om Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī. Runt Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī är det glesbefolkat professional football socks, med 11 invånare per kvadratkilometer..

Trakten runt Kōh-e Nāw-e Shêtakī består i huvudsak av gräsmarker. Medelhavsklimat råder i trakten. Årsmedeltemperaturen i trakten är 9 °C. Den varmaste månaden är juli, då medeltemperaturen är 22 °C, och den kallaste är februari, med -5 °C. Genomsnittlig årsnederbörd är 680 millimeter. Den regnigaste månaden är februari, med i genomsnitt 154 mm nederbörd, och den torraste är juli, med 8 mm nederbörd.

Lamine Diakhate

Lamine Diakhate (born September 16, 1928, in Saint-Louis, Senegal – died 1987) was an author, poet and literary critic of the négritude school and has served his country as a politician and diplomat.

He had attended schools in Louga and Saint-Louis before becoming a student at the universities of Katibougou (Soudan), Dakar (Senegal), and Paris goalkeeper clothing sale. He gained diplomas in Oriental Languages, Phonetics is vinegar a meat tenderizer, and General Linguistics.

After having completed his university studies, Mr. Diakhate was trained as a journalist and editor. In this part of his professional career he was to occupy important positions in Paris and Dakar. Thus he became chief of the Information Department of SORAFOM (the Société de Radiodiffusion de la France d’Outre-Mer) in Paris, and director of Radiodiffusion du Sénégal (SORAFOM and the government of Senegal) as well as director of the Information Department of Radio de la Fédération du Mali. In his various public functions, Lamine Diakhate published a large number of newspaper articles in journals like Afrique en Marche (Paris), Condition Humaine (Dakar), Dakar Matin or Le Soleil (Dakar).

After having become a close collaborator of President Senghor, he was made chief of the presidential cabinet (Chef du Cabinet de la Présidence du Sénégal) and Minister of Information, Telecommunication double wall water bottle, and Tourism. Later on, he also served as Ambassador of Senegal to Nigeria, the Kingdom of Morocco, and as Permanent Counsellor or Permanent Vice Delegate of Senegal (Conseiller ou Délégué Permanent Adjoint du Sénégal) to the UNESCO in Paris.

As a black African author and poet writing in French, Diakhate was one of the leading figures of the Négritude school. In his understanding this literary movement constituted an effort to give voice to the traditions and cultural values of black Africa, and to actively participate in the development of a universal humanism in cooperation with other civilizations. As a literary critic, Diakhate promoted ideas that had originally been formulated, or expressed, by Aimé Césaire, Léon-Gontran Damas, and Léopold Sédar Senghor. He introduced writers of the Négritude school to his readers and analyzed the works of others who did not belong to this school. Together with Aimé Césaire and Alioune Diop he was one of the five members of the editorial committee of Éditions Présence Africaine in Paris. This publishing house later printed several of his poetical works. And in its journal, Présence Africaine, did appear several of his scholarly articles. For several years he also served as secretary for cultural affairs (secrétaire culturel) of the Société Africaine de Culture (SAC).

In the course of all of his public functions Mr. Diakhate actively participated in a large number of literary festivals and conferences in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Thus he attended several Biennales Internationales de Poésie, for example the V. and und XII. Biennale of Knokke-Le-Zout in Belgium (September 1961; 1975), the Première and Troisième Biennale de la Langue Française in Namur and Liège (Belgium) in the years 1965 and 1969, the Colloques des Écrivains Afro-Scandinaves in Stockholm, Sweden, the Congrès des Ècrivains Afro-Asiatiques in Beirut, Lebanon in March 1967, the Festival Poétique de Struga (ex-Jugoslavia) in August 1976, the Fourth World Congress of Poets in Seoul, Corea, from July 2 until 7th, 979, as well as the 15e Congrès de l’Union Internationale des Journalistes et de la Presse de Langue Française in Paris from September 29. September until bis October 6, 1979. On several occasions Mr. Diakhate became one of the organizers, for example of the Premier Festival Mondial des Arts Nègres from April 1 until April 24, 1966 in Dakar, the Festival Culturel Panafricain d’Alger of the year 1969 discount goalie gloves, the Journées Culturelles Africaines de Turin, Italy, in April 1967. the Colloque sur la Négritude in Dakar, Senegal, in April 1971, as well as the Introduction à la Poésie de L. S. Senghor in Casablanca, Morokko, in April 1974.

The literary merits of Lamine Diakhate as an auteur et poète noire africain d’expression française were formally recognized on several occasions. Thus he was elected a member of the Société des Gens de Lettres de France in November 1976. And he was awarded two literary prizes: The Prix Edgar Poe for the year 1971, granted to him by the Maison de la Poésie in Paris, and the Grand Prix Littéraire de l’Afrique Noire 1979 for his novel Chalys de Harlem.

He was inducted into the Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon (Japan) in 2007.

Bocskaikert

Bocskaikert is a village situated in the north-east part of Hungary, 15 km (9 mi) away from Debrecen, the country’s second largest town. Administratively it belongs to Hajdú-Bihar County.

The oldest extant documents about the settlement are dated 1158. In the 14th century the area was owned by noble families running band for phone, inhabited by some 150 people. Later the Turkish wars destroyed the area. It was a long time until the settlement could recover, though important commercial routes were crossing there, which hastened its development. It was named 21 February 1899 after István Bocskai, leader of the successful Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in the early 17th century.

After World War II, the village was attached to the neighbouring town Hajdúhadház. As an outlying area its development slowed down. In 1993, three years after the end of the Socialist regime best goalkeeper glove, it became an independent village with a population of 1350. It has grown constantly since then. It has a twin town called Botkyrka which is a part of Stockholm, Sweden.

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Arsenal Saint-Hilaire

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L’arsenal Saint-Hilaire est un monument historique situé à Sélestat, dans le département français du Bas-Rhin.

Ce bâtiment est situé au 2a rue des Chevaliers à Sélestat dry case waterproof cell phone case.

L’arsenal a été construit au début du XVIe siècle, il comprenait à l’origine deux bâtiments, dont l’un a été détruit vers 1910 pour céder la place à un bâtiment de recrutement de style néorenaissance football uniforms history. La partie restante porte une inscription qui indique 1518 comme date de construction.

Il porte le nom du commandant de l’artillerie Marc Gaspard Capriol de Saint-Hilaire depuis 1785, date à laquelle ce dernier y a fait effectué des transformations.

L’édifice fait l’objet d’une inscription au titre des monuments historiques depuis 1984.

L’arsenal est construit en brique avec des chaînages d’angle en grès. Le grenier compte trois niveaux.

La toiture, en tuile biberschwanz (queue de castor) food tenderizer, a été refaite en 2014.

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Gytha Thorkelsdóttir

Gytha Thorkelsdóttir (Old English: Gȳða Þorkelsdōttir, c remington fabric shaver. 997 – c. 1069), also called Githa, was a Danish noblewoman. She was the mother of King Harold Godwinson and of Edith of Wessex, queen consort of King Edward the Confessor of England.

Gytha Thorkelsdóttir was the daughter of Danish chieftain Thorgil Sprakling (also called Thorkel). Gytha was also the sister of the Danish Earl Ulf Thorgilsson who was married to Estrid Svendsdatter, the sister of King Cnut the Great substitute meat tenderizer. She married the Anglo-Saxon nobleman Godwin of Wessex. They had a large family together, of whom five sons became earls at one time or another, three remaining earls in 1066:

Two of their sons, Harold and Tostig, faced each other at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, where Tostig was killed. Less than a month later, three of her sons, Harold, Gyrth, and Leofwine, were killed at the Battle of Hastings.

Shortly after the Battle of Hastings, Gytha was living in Exeter and may have been the cause of that city’s rebellion against William the Conqueror in 1067, which resulted in his laying siege to the city. She pleaded unsuccessfully with him for the return of the body of her slain son, king Harold. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Gytha left England after the Norman conquest, together with the wives or widows and families of other prominent Anglo-Saxons, all the Godwin family estates having been confiscated by William. Little else is known of Gytha’s life after that time, although it is probable that she went to Scandinavia where she had relatives.

Her surviving (and youngest) son, Wulfnoth, lived nearly all his life in captivity in Normandy until the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. Only her eldest daughter, Queen Edith (d. 1075), still held some power (however nominal) as the widow of King Edward the Confessor all football jerseys.

Michael Paul Bertiaux

Michael Paul Bertiaux (* 18. Januar 1935 in Seattle, USA) ist ein US-amerikanischer Philosoph und Maler. Durch den Einsatz kräftiger Farben, mediumistischer Inspiration und religiösen Symbolismus ist seine Kunst unverwechselbar. Bertiaux ist auch Okkultist in der Tradition des haitianischen Voodoo, welche er mit Elementen westlicher Magie und thelemischer Sexualmagie kombiniert.

Bertiaux ist der Patriarch der Ecclesia Gnostica Spiritualis (Gnostisch-Spirituelle Kirche), einer auf apostolischer Sukzession basierender Kirchentradition. Er war für einige Zeit Oberhaupt des Ordo Templi Orientis Antiqua (OTOA), der Monastery of the Seven Rays (Kloster der Sieben Strahlen) und der La Couleuvre Noire (die schwarze Natter). Er hat diese offiziellen Ämter an Dr. Courtney Willis weitergegeben, der nun Oberhaupt der Technicians of the Sacred (Techniker des Heiligen) ist.

Er ist der Autor des esoterischen Textes The Voudon Gnostic Workbook (Das voudon-gnostische Arbeitsbuch), auf das in Grant Morrisons Comicreihe The Invisibles vielfach angespielt wurde water tumbler glass.

Michael Paul Bertiaux wurde in Seattle, Washington, als Sohn eines Kapitäns der Handelsmarine und einer prominenten Theosophin geboren. Nach Abschluss seines Studiums der Philosophie an der örtlichen Jesuiten-Universität begann er an der Tulane University in New Orleans als Doktor der Philosophie (Ph. D.) zu arbeiten. Er musste diese Stelle jedoch aufgeben, als sein Vater erkrankte und Michael Bertiaux in seiner Heimat Seattle gebraucht wurde. Nach dieser Zeit entdeckte er seine Neigung zur Kirche und schrieb sich in der Vancouver School of Theology ein, als Denomination wählte er die Episkopalische Kirche. Er schloss mit dem Grad des Master in Theologie ab und wurde als Diakon ordiniert how do you tenderize a steak. Danach arbeitete Bertiaux für eine kurze Zeit als Kurat in einer Kirche Seattles.

1960 wanderte er als Missionar nach Haiti aus, um dort in der Hauptstadt Port-au-Prince Philosophie an einer Hochschule zu unterrichten. Dort kam er in Kontakt mit dem haitianischen Okkultismus. Er wurde, kurz nachdem er mit diesen Kreisen in Kontakt kam, in die haitianische Gnosis initiiert und zu einem Bischof der Gnostischen Kirche. Als seine Vorgesetzten in der Episkopalischen Kirche davon hörten, riefen sie ihn in die USA zurück, wo er voll ordiniert wurde. An diesem Punkt seines Lebens wendete er sich der Theosophie zu, die er durch seine Mutter schon von klein auf kannte, und wurde ein Mitglied der Esoterischen Sektion der Theosophischen Gesellschaft Adyar (Adyar-TG). Er zog nach Wheaton, Illinois, und arbeitete als Sekretär am Hauptsitz der amerikanischen Sektion der Adyar-TG. Dort forschte er viel und hielt weitreichende Vorlesungen.

Seine letzte und längste Heimat ist Chicago, Illinois, wo er sich zum Sozialarbeiter ausbilden ließ, einem Beruf, den er seither beinahe vierzig Jahre lang ausübt. Er arbeitete insbesondere mit haitianischen Gemeinden. Während dieser Zeit beschäftigte er sich intensiv mit Okkultismus, Theosophie, Gnostizismus und Philosophie. Er hielt Vorträge und schrieb über viele Themen.

Der größte Teil seiner Schriften erschien in Form von Briefen, die er an seine Freunde und Schüler schickte. Er fasste diese Briefe und Lektionen in vier Bänden zusammen compression football socks, welche die ersten vier Jahre der Unterweisungen der Monastry of the seven Rays bilden – das Voudon Gnostic Workbook deckt die Jahre fünf bis acht ab.

Bertiaux malt auch regelmäßig und stellt dabei in seinen Bildern die Wesen und Gegenstände seiner psychischen Forschungen und Experimente dar; einige seiner Bilder erschienen in Kenneth Grants Typhonischen Trilogien.

Li Yanfeng

Li Yanfeng chin. upr. 李艳凤, chin soccer goalkeeper uniform set. trad. 李艷鳳, pinyin Lǐ Yànfèng (ur. 15 maja 1979 w Heilongjiang) – chińska lekkoatletka specjalizująca się w rzucie dyskiem.

W 1999 odpadła w eliminacjach podczas mistrzostw świata. Brązowa medalistka mistrzostw Azji z 2000. Podczas rozegranej w 2001 roku w Pekinie uniwersjady wywalczyła srebrny medal buy water bottle. W 2002 zdobyła pierwszy w karierze tytuł mistrzyni Azji. Sukces ten powtórzyła w 2003 ponownie zdobywając złoty medal mistrzostw kontynentu azjatyckiego. Także w 2003 drugi raz w karierze sięgnęła po srebro uniwersjady. Na igrzyskach olimpijskich w Atenach (2004) zajęła w finale dziewiątą lokatę. Wicemistrzyni Azji z 2007 roku. Na igrzyskach olimpijskich w Pekinie (2008) była siódma, a w 2009 zwyciężyła w igrzyskach Azji Wschodniej diy meat tenderizer. Na koniec sezonu 2010 pierwszy raz w karierze triumfowała w igrzyskach azjatyckich. Złota medalistka mistrzostw świata w Taegu z 2011 roku. Srebrna (po dyskwalifikacji za doping drugiej w konkursie Rosjanki Piszczalnikowej) medalistka igrzysk olimpijskich w Londynie (2012). Z powodu kontuzji nie weźmie udziału w mistrzostwach świata w Moskwie (2013), gdzie miała bronić złotego medalu. Wielokrotnie stawała na podium mistrzostw Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej oraz chińskiej olimpiady narodowej.

Rekord życiowy: 67,98 (5 czerwca 2011, Schönebeck).

1983: Martina Hellmann • 1987: Martina Hellmann • 1991: Cwetanka Christowa • 1993: Olga Burowa • 1995: Elina Zwierawa • 1997: Beatrice Faumuina • 1999: Franka Dietzsch • 2001: Elina Zwierawa • 2003: Iryna Jatczanka • 2005: Franka Dietzsch • 2007: Franka Dietzsch • 2009: Dani Samuels • 2011: Li Yanfeng • 2013: Sandra Perković • 2015: Denia Caballero