Boulou (Fluss)

Der Boulou bei Moulin de Fontas kurz vor seiner Mündung in die Dronne

Der Boulou bei Les Quatre Fonts, Gemeindegrenze von Paussac-et-Saint-Vivien und Bourdeilles

Der Boulou, okzitanisch Bolon, ist ein kleiner Fluss in Frankreich, der im Nordteil des Départements Dordogne (Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine) verläuft. Er entspringt im Gemeindegebiet von Sceau-Saint-Angel, im Regionalen Naturpark Périgord-Limousin und mündet nach 24 Kilometern an der Gemeindegrenze von Bourdeilles und Creyssac als rechter Nebenfluss in die Dronne. Sein durchschnittliches Gefälle beträgt 4,56 m/km.

Im Kanton Nontron:

Im Kanton Champagnac-de-Belair:

Im Kanton Mareuil:

Im Kanton Montagrier:

Im Kanton Brantôme:

Der Boulou entspringt nur unweit südlich der Kirche von Saint-Angel (Gemeinde Sceau-Saint-Angel) auf zirka 195 Meter Höhe. Bis kurz vor dem Weiler Puygombert (Gemeinde Léguillac-de-Cercles) fließt er über knapp 14 Kilometer mehr oder weniger in südwestlicher Richtung, um dann einen Südkurs einzuschlagen, den er bis zu seiner Mündung als rechter Seitenarm in die Dronne beibehält. Die Mündungshöhe des Boulou liegt auf 86 Meter und der Fluss hat dann insgesamt 23,9 Kilometer durchflossen. Hinter Le Marquisat (Gemeinde La Gonterie-Boulouneix) nimmt er als rechten Nebenfluss den Jallieu auf; unterhalb von La Verrerie (Gemeinde Paussac-et-Saint-Vivien) kommt ihm als linker Seitenarm der Belaygue (bzw. Pré Pinson) entgegen. Der Oberlauf des Boulou liegt mit Ausnahme des Gemeindegebiets von La Chapelle-Montmoreau im Regionalen Naturpark Périgord-Limousin.

In seinem Oberlauf durchfließt der Boulou flachliegende Schichten aus der Oberkreide, die der Combiers-Saint-Crépin-de-Richemont-Synklinale angehören (nördliches Aquitanisches Becken). Das Quellgebiet liegt noch in Kalken des Ligériens (Unterturon). Kurz vor dem Ortskern von La Chapelle-Montmoreau betritt der Boulou dann resistentere Lagen des Angoumiens (Oberturon) water bottles reusable. Flussabwärts folgen dann Fossilkalke des Coniaciums (bis zum Weiler Les Brageaux), anschließend typische Kreidekalke des Santoniums (um Saint-Crépin-de-Richemont) und bei La Forge sogar noch Untercampan. Hier überquert der Boulou dann eine Ostsüdost-streichende Störungszone, die Mareuil-Störung. Dies hat zur Folge, dass der Fluss erneut auf Angoumien trifft, ab Puygombert dann auf Coniacium. Diese beiden Schichtenfolgen gehören bereits zur Gout-Rossignol-Léguillac-Synklinale, auch sie liegen mehr oder weniger flach. Ab Les Quatre Fonts (Gemeinde Saint-Julien-de-Burdeilles) wird der Einfluss der La Tour-Blanche-Antiklinale spürbar und es erscheint erneut stratigraphisch tieferes Angoumien. Weiter südlich durchquert der Fluss dann Ligérien und im Zentrum der Antiklinale sogar kurzzeitig Cenomanium (bei Les Farges, Gemeinde Paussac-et-Saint-Vivien). Auf den letzten Kilometern verengt sich das Tal, der Boulou durchschneidet Ligérien und trifft dann auf resistentes, Steilwände bildendes Angoumien (beliebte Kletterfelsen), das ihn bis zur Mündung in die Dronne begleitet.

Der Boulou mit seinen Feuchtniederungen bildet ein bedeutendes regionales Ökotop, das als ZNIEFF (Französisch zone naturelle d’interêt écologique, faunistique et floristique) ausgewiesen wurde. Es bestehen auch Pläne, den Flusslauf gemäß Natura 2000 unter Schutz zu stellen best no leak water bottle. Neben zahlreichen Wildpflanzen und 361 unterschiedlichen Schmetterlingsarten finden sich hier noch der mittlerweile sehr selten gewordene Nerz (Mustela lutreola) und der Fischotter (Lutra lutra).

Die menschliche Präsenz im Bouloutal lässt sich bis ins Moustérien zurückverfolgen (Abris bei La TabaterieAbri Sendouge bzw. Abri Sondougne und Abri Brouillaud). In der zweiten Eisenzeit zwischen 600 und 500 v. Chr. bestand auf dem Roc Plat ein Oppidum. Überreste aus der Römerzeit wurden im Friedhof von Boulouneix entdeckt. Mit dem Entstehen der frühmittelalterlichen Dorfstrukturen um das Jahr 1000 ging der Bau zahlreicher romanischer Kirchen sowie eines Priorats einher.

Jay Tibshraeny

Jay Tibshraeny ( /ˈtɪbʃreɪniː/ TIB-shray-nee what is tenderizer, born in 1954) is an American politician. A former senator in the Arizona Senate, he has been the mayor of Chandler, Arizona since 2011. He previously served as the mayor of Chandler from 1994 through 2002.

Albert Jay Tibshraeny Jr. was born in Mesa, Arizona in 1954. He is of Lebanese descent on his father’s side. When Tibshraeny was born, his father was a cotton farmer around Eloy, Arizona. His parents were married on February 16, 1947. Jay has one brother, Mike, and two sisters, Joyce and Janice. He graduated high school in 1972. He attended Arizona State University where he received a bachelor’s degree in accounting in 1977. For ten years, during and after his college years, Jay worked with his father in the construction business wrist pouch for runners.

Tibshraeny became involved in politics in 1979 when Chandler held its first and only recall election in which the mayor and several city council members were removed from office. In 1980 bottles glasses, Tibshraeny was appointed to Chandler’s Planning and Zoning Commission. He worked with the construction of Intel‘s plant in West Chandler.

In 1986, Tibshraeny ran for Chandler City Council, winning a seat in March of that year. He attributes his achievement to his “involvement with youth and things”.[citation needed] In 1990, he became vice-mayor of Chandler under Coy Payne, the first black mayor in Arizona. In 1994, Tibshraeny ran for mayor of Chandler. He took the seat in March, and during his time as mayor, he oversaw Chandler’s transition from a rural town to a bedroom community for Phoenix. He oversaw the construction of the Chandler Fashion Center. He was reelected to the position four times over the next eight years, the maximum number of times a mayor can be reelected in Chandler.

In 2002, Tibshraeny ran for the newly created 21st District in the southeastern Phoenix metro area. The district includes parts of Chandler and Queen Creek. He won the primary election, held on September 10, 2002, beating the only other candidate, Morris Cooper. This meant that Tibshraeny ran unopposed in the general elections on November 5 in the same year meat tenderizer wiki.

Tibshraeny was a state senator for eight years. In 2010, Tibshraeny stepped down and ran once again for mayor of Chandler. He ran unopposed, winning over 99% of the votes, with 0.73% of the voted going to write-in candidates. He ran again in 2011 for mayor, and like the previous term, was unopposed. His term will expire in 2019.

Ачехский конфликт

4 декабря 1976 — 15 августа 2005

Ачех,  Индонезия

война за независимость

Хельсинский мирный договор

Мухаммед Сухарто

Хасан ди Тиро

Мяте́ж в Аче́хе (индон running phone belt. Pemberontakan di Aceh) вёлся движением «Свободный Ачех» в период с 1976 по 2005 годы, с целью получения независимости от Индонезии. Разрушения, вызванные землетрясением в Индийском океане в 2004 году привели к мирному соглашению и положили конец конфликту.

Исторически существует культурное и религиозное разделение между провинцией Ачех и остальной территорией Индонезии. Здесь практикуются более консервативные формы ислама how to tenderize meat, в отличие от остальной индонезийской территории. Наиболее светские политики Нового Режима Мухаммеда Сухарто (1965—1998) были особенно непопулярны в провинции Ачех toffs football shirts, где многие возмущались политикой центрального правительства, направленной на содействие единой «Индонезийской культуры» cheap stainless steel water bottles.

Централизация тенденций правительства Сухарто была подвергнута сомнению благодаря Хасану ди Тиро, потомку последнего султана Ачеха, который 4 декабря 1976 года сформировал движение «Свободный Ачех» и провозгласил Ачехскую независимость. Основные угрозы Ачехской культуре и религии исходили от центрального индонезийского правительства и от роста численности яванских мигрантов. Неравномерное распределение доходов от Ачехских природных ресурсов также стало причиной массы споров.

В 1999 году из-за хаоса на Яве и неэффективных действий центрального правительства преимущество перешло к «Свободному Ачеху», и в результате второго этапа восстания большинство жителей Ачеха были на стороне именно движения «Свободный Ачех» под руководством Хасана ди Тиро. В 1999 году был объявлен вывод войск из провинции, но ухудшение ситуации в области безопасности привело к ещё большему оживлению солдат и увеличению численности войск.

Agapit l’Anargyre

Saint Agapit l’Anargyre glass water drinking bottles, ou Saint Agapit des Grottes de Kiev (XIe siècle) est un saint de l’Église orthodoxe, fêté le 1er juin.

Saint Agapit, né à Kiev dans le courant du XIe siècle, était moine de la Laure des grottes de Kiev et disciple de saint Antoine des grottes de Kiev what is meat tenderizer. Menant une vie sainte, il avait le don de guérir les malades simplement avec des herbes bouillies et par la force de ses prières, mais ne réclamait jamais d’argent case waterproof, d’où son surnom d’Anargyre. Il guérit ainsi de nombreux moines et laïcs qui venaient le voir running dog belt, dont le futur grand Prince de Kiev Vladimir II Monomaque.

La tradition dit qu’il y avait à cette époque à Kiev un médecin arménien qui avait la réputation de pouvoir déterminer le nombre de jours qu’il restait à vivre à un malade rien qu’en le regardant. Un de ses patients, apprenant qu’il devait mourir bientôt, alla chez saint Agapit qui le guérit totalement de sa maladie par la prière. Furieux, le médecin voulut tuer le saint en lui faisant ingurgiter du poison mais le poison n’eut aucun effet sur lui grâce à la protection de Dieu.

Plusieurs années plus tard, saint Agapit tomba à son tour malade. Le même médecin vint le trouver et lui prédit qu’il lui restait 3 jours à vivre, et tellement sûr de son diagnostic, il jura de devenir moine si le Saint venait à survivre à ces 3 jours. Mais le Saint lui répondit alors que Dieu lui avait annoncé qu’il mourrait dans 3 mois seulement. Et en effet, saint Agapit mourut le , trois mois après son entrevue avec le médecin arménien ; ce dernier, ému par la sainteté d’Agapit, devint à son tour moine.

Uljana Semjonova

Uljana Semjonova (lettisk: Uļjana Semjonova, russisk: Ульяна Ларионовна Семенова), (9. marts 1952 i Medumi i Lettiske SSR) er en pensioneret sovjetisk og lettisk basketballspiller.

Med en højde på 2,13 meter var Semjonova den ledende kvindelige basketballspiller i verden i 1970’erne og 1980’erne. Semjonova brugte størrelse 54 i sko, hvilket hun var kendt for. Under hele sin spillerkarriere spillede Semjonova for basketballklubben TTT Riga, som var en del af Daugava Frivilliges Sportsforening. Med TTT vandt hun 15 sovjetiske mesterskaber samt EM i basketball 15 gange. Semjonova var meget dominerende i international sammenhæng, hvor hun var med til at vinde olympisk guld med det sovjetiske landshold i både 1976 og 1980, og hun oplevede ikke at tabe en kamp under internationale turneringer.

Hun tildeltes Arbejdets Røde Banner Orden i 1976, Leninordenen i 1985 og siden den 12. april 1995 er Uljana Semjonova Officer af Trestjerneordenen. I 1993 blev Semjonova som den første ikke-amerikanske kvinde optaget i Basketball Hall of Fame stainless steel meat mallet. Hun var konstituerende medlem af Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame i klassen af 1999. I 2007 blev hun nedfældet i FIBA Hall of Fame bpa free glasses.

Fort Collier

Coordinates:

Third Battle of Winchester

Built by Confederate Lieutenant Collier and Virginia militia with the aid of Federal prisoners, the Fort Collier redoubt guarded the north entrance of Winchester, Virginia on the east side of the Martinsburg Pike. During later Federal occupations, it was known as Battery No. 10. The fort was set on low ground, and generally offered little military advantage safe reusable water bottles, except as a guard post for the pike. LtGen Jubal Early used it as part of his defensive works in the Third Battle of Wincheseter.

The fort is located on a tract of land acquired by Benjamin Stine from Jacob Baker in 1859. Shortly afterwards the American Civil War began, and extensive defensive preparations were made in the northern Shenandoah Valley. After General Joseph E. Johnston assumed command of Confederate forces centered in Harpers Ferry he quickly decided that Harpers Ferry was indefensible, and to re-center his defensive posture based in Winchester. The Stine farmstead and homesite was located on high ground alongside the valley pike, and made a natural defensive position for the north end of town, and was chosen as the site for the fort by Confederate Engineer Lieutenant Collier and William Henry Chase.

Confederate troops began construction on July 7, 1861, under the orders of a Confederate engineering officer, Lieutenant Collier, assisted by a detachment of Federal prisoners. The supervision of construction may have been under Major William H.C. Whiting, the Chief Engineer for Gen. Johnston, and the fort was occupied by the Army of the Shenandoah during the winter of 1861 into 1862, under the command of General Johnston. It then fell under the Valley District, commanded by MajGen Stonewall Jackson one of three districts under the Department of Northern Virginia. Stonewall Jackson’s headquarters was located just south of the fort.

On August 21, 1861, the fort was described in the diary of Harriet H. Griffith:

I have this day visited the breastworks or fortifications on the Martinsburg Pike with Father and Johnnie. Was exceedingly interested. First work of the kind I’d ever seen. The first time I was ever so near a cannon. I looked into them. There were four cannons planted and much ammunition there. A great many men were working [and I] saw the magazines. They have several rifle ports which seem so secure. I have read of them, but have never seen them. They had several masked batteries. It seems real strong and well built. There is a high embankment of sand bags, barrels, and brush covered with dirt, part sodded over. They intend to sod it with a big ditch on the lower side. They have completely surrounded Stine’s House which is now occupied by soldiers, some of whom were working there, come cooking, some washing, some on guard, and some lounging, and some sleeping … Surely it is something to be remembered, but I hope it will never be used.”

Defensive troops occupied the fort during the Romney Expedition in early 1861, but Jackson evacuated Winchester in March 1862 as MajGen Banks invaded the town at the outset of the Valley Campaign. By May, Jackson returned to Winchester and routed all remaining Federal troops on May 25, who chose not to defend the fort during the First Battle of Winchester.

During the occupation of MajGen Milroy from January to June 1863, Federal troops manned the fort, and listed it under the name of Battery No. 10, making it a part of a series of fortifications in the defensive scheme of Gen. Milroy. As the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia under LtGen Ewell routed Milroy on their movement to Gettysburg, they initially bombarded Milroy’s command as they holed up in the various Winchester forts, damaging the Stine house on the night of June 15. Early the next morning, Milroy abandoned the fort and Winchester, fleeing north on the pike, with Fort Collier being the last fortification abandoned as his troops marched north toward Martinsburg.

In September, 1864 football referee uniforms, the Fort and Winchester again became a base for Confederate operations during LtGen Jubal Early’s Valley Campaigns of 1864. MajGen Sheridan advanced on Winchester September 17, forcing Early to make a defensive stand along the north and eastern borders of Winchester on September 19, with Fort Collier as a center piece and anchor of his defensive line, which stretched from Fort Alabama (also known as Star Fort) on the west to a long line of trenches and ramparts to the east and south of Fort Collier to the Berryville Pike. A Federal cavalry charge was made that day during the Third Battle of Winchester composed of 6,000 cavalrymen coming south from Stephenson’s Depot. The assault, composed of five brigades lined across the open fields north of town, was the largest charge in the war made by cavalry against infantry.

Three regiments commanded by Colonel George S. Patton, grandfather of the World War II general, were defending the fort and locations, and Colonel Patton was killed during the course of the battle. The Confederate forces in Fort Collier and along the defensive line were overrun and the Fort was captured with no survivors, while Early’s forces retreated up the Valley through Winchester, rallied for a short while at Mount Hebron Cemetery, and reconsolidated further south at Fisher’s Hill near Strasburg, Virginia.

The Fort Collier Civil War Center, Inc. purchased a 10-acre (40,000 m2) parcel on April 1, 2002 with the help of a Federal grant, the Civil War Preservation Trust, the County of Frederick, Virginia, and private donations. Events and activities held at the camp include the Fort Collier Kids Civil War History Camp, Civil War Haunting, Shenandoah at War Events, and the Fort Collier Bluegrass Festival.

André Ooijer

† Kampe (mål).

André Antonius Maria Ooijer (født 11. juli 1974 i Amsterdam, Holland) er en tidligere hollandsk fodboldspiller touchless toothpaste dispenser, der sidst spillede som midterforsvarer hos den hollandske Æresdivisons-klub AFC Ajax. Han har repræsenteret klubben siden 2010. Han har tidligere spillet for FC Volendam, Roda JC, PSV Eindhoven samt engelske Blackburn. Han stoppede karrieren i sommeren 2012.

I sin tid hos PSV Eindhoven var Ooijer med til at vinde fem hollandske mesterskaber og én pokaltitel.

Ooijer nåede at spille 55 kampe og score 3 mål for Hollands landshold, som han debuterede for den 5. juni 1999 i en venskabskamp mod Brasilien. Inden da havde han allerede som reserve været med til VM i 1998. Han har sidenhen været med til både VM i 2006, EM i 2008 samt VM i 2010.

Æresdivisionen

Hollands pokalturnering


1 van der Sar | 2 Reiziger | 3 Stam | 4 F. de Boer | 5 Numan | 6 Jonk | 7 R. de Boer | 8 Bergkamp | 9 Kluivert | 10 Seedorf | 11 Cocu | 12 Zenden | 13 Ooijer | 14 Overmars | 15 Bogarde | 16 Davids | 17 van Hooijdonk | 18 de Goeij&nbsp pink stainless steel water bottle;| 19 van Bronckhorst | 20 Winter | 21 Hasselbaink | 22 Hesp | Træner Hiddink 

1 van der Sar | 2 Jaliens | 3 Boulahrouz | 4 Mathijsen | 5 van Bronckhorst | 6 Landzaat | 7 Kuijt | 8 Cocu | 9 van Nistelrooy | 10 van der Vaart | 11 Robben | 12 Kromkamp | 13 Ooijer | 14 Heitinga | 15 de Cler | 16 Maduro | 17 van Persie | 18 van Bommel | 19 Vennegoor of Hesselink | 20 Sneijder | 21 Babel | 22 Timmer | 23 Stekelenburg | Træner van Basten 

1 van der Sar | 2 Ooijer | 3 Heitinga | 4 Mathijsen | 5 van Bronckhorst | 6 De Zeeuw | 7 van Persie | 8 Engelaar | 9 van Nistelrooy | 10 Sneijder | 11 Robben | 12 Melchiot | 13 Timmer | 14 Bouma | 15 De Cler | 16 Stekelenburg | 17 De Jong | 18 Kuijt | 19 Huntelaar | 20 Afellay | 21 Boulahrouz | 22 Vennegoor of Hesselink | 22&nbsp non bpa bottled water;van der Vaart | Træner van Basten 

1 Stekelenburg | 2 van der Wiel | 3 Heitinga | 4 Mathijsen | 5 van Bronckhorst | 6 van Bommel | 7 Kuijt | 8 de Jong | 9 van Persie | 10 Sneijder | 11 Robben | 12 Boulahrouz | 13 Ooijer | 14 de Zeeuw | 15 Braafheid | 16 Vorm | 17 Elia | 18 Schaars | 19 Babel | 20 Afellay | 21 Huntelaar | 22 Boschker | 23 van der Vaart | Træner Van Marwijk 

Vikersund Station

Vikersund Station (Vikersund stasjon) er en jernbanestation på Randsfjordbanen, der ligger i byområdet Vikersund i Modum kommune i Norge. Den betjenes af Bergensbanens tog mellem Oslo og Bergen og er desuden udgangspunkt for veteranbanen Krøderbanen.

Stationen blev åbnet for ekspedition af tog, passagerer og gods 15. november 1866 new balance women, to år før Randsfjordbanen mellem Drammen og Randsfjord stod færdig i sin fulde længde. Fra starten hed stationen Vikersund, men det blev ændret til Vikesund i april 1894 og tilbage igen 1. juli 1939. 24. september 1974 blev den nedgraderet til fjernstyret station, der kun var bemandet for ekspedition af passagerer og gods. Bemandingen blev inddraget 28. september 1999, og 7. januar 2001 mistede den al betjening. Siden 6. januar 2002 har den dog igen været betjent af enkelte tog. Det er nu Bergensbanens tog best healthy water bottle, der står for trafikken, idet de blev omlagt via Randsfjordbanen og Vikersund i stedet for Roa i 1980’erne.

Krøderbanen mellem Vikersund og Krøderen blev åbnet 28. november 1872. Persontrafikken på banen ophørte i 1958, mens godstrafikken blev indstillet 1. marts 1985. Banen er efterfølgende blevet drevet som veteranbane af Norsk Jernbaneklubb spiked meat tenderizer, der kører på den i sommermånederne.

Koordinater:

Millennium Bridge, London

The Millennium Bridge, officially known as the London Millennium Footbridge, is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing the River Thames in London, linking Bankside with the City of London. It is located between Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Railway Bridge. It is owned and maintained by Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. Construction began in 1998, and it initially opened in June 2000.

Londoners nicknamed the bridge the “Wobbly Bridge” after pedestrians felt unexpected swaying motion. The bridge was closed later on opening day, and after two days of limited access, it was closed for almost two years while modifications were made to eliminate the motion. It reopened in 2002.

The southern end of the bridge is near the Globe Theatre, the Bankside Gallery, and Tate Modern, while the northern end of the bridge is next to the City of London School below St Paul’s Cathedral. The bridge alignment is such that a clear view (i.e. a “terminating vista”) of St Paul’s south façade is presented from across the river, framed by the bridge supports.

The design of the bridge was the subject of a competition organised in 1996 by Southwark council and RIBA Competitions. The winning entry was an innovative “blade of light” effort from Arup Group, Foster and Partners, and Sir Anthony Caro. Due to height restrictions, and to improve the view, the bridge’s suspension design had the supporting cables below the deck level, giving a very shallow profile. The bridge has two river piers and is made of three main sections of 81 m (266 ft), 144 m (472 ft), and 108 m (354 ft) (north to south) with a total structure length of 325 m (1 insulated stainless water bottle,066 ft); the aluminium deck is 4 m (13 ft) wide glass in a bottle. The eight suspension cables are tensioned to pull with a force of 2,000 tons against the piers set into each bank – enough to support a working load of 5,000 people on the bridge at one time.

Ordinarily, bridges across the River Thames require an Act of Parliament. For this bridge, that was avoided by the Port of London Authority granting a licence for the structure obtaining planning permissions from the City of London and London Borough of Southwark. Construction began in late 1998 and the main works were started on 28 April 1999 by Monberg & Thorsen and Sir Robert McAlpine. The bridge was completed at a cost of £18 football uniform colors.2M (£2.2M over budget), primarily paid for by the Millennium Commission and the London Bridge Trust. It opened on 10 June 2000 (two months late).

Unexpected lateral vibration (resonant structural response) caused the bridge to be closed on 12 June 2000 for modifications. Attempts were made to limit the number of people crossing the bridge. This led to long queues but was ineffective to dampen the vibrations. Closure of the bridge only two days after opening attracted public criticism of it as another high-profile British Millennium project that suffered an embarrassing setback, akin to how many saw the Millennium Dome. Vibration was attributed to an under-researched phenomenon whereby pedestrians crossing a bridge that has a lateral sway have an unconscious tendency to match their footsteps to the sway, exacerbating it. The tendency of a suspension bridge to sway when troops march over it in step was well known, which is why troops are required to break step when crossing such a bridge.

The bridge was temporarily closed on 18 January 2007, during the Kyrill storm due to strong winds and a risk of pedestrians being blown off the bridge.

The bridge’s movements were caused by a ‘positive feedback’ phenomenon, known as synchronous lateral excitation. The natural sway motion of people walking caused small sideways oscillations in the bridge, which in turn caused people on the bridge to sway in step, increasing the amplitude of the bridge oscillations and continually reinforcing the effect. On the day of opening, the bridge was crossed by 90,000 people, with up to 2,000 on the bridge at any one time.

Resonant vibrational modes due to vertical loads (such as trains, traffic, pedestrians) and wind loads are well understood in bridge design. In the case of the Millennium Bridge, because the lateral motion caused the pedestrians loading the bridge to directly participate with the bridge, the vibrational modes had not been anticipated by the designers. The crucial point is that when the bridge lurches to one side, the pedestrians must adjust to keep from falling over, and they all do this at exactly the same time. Hence, the situation is similar to soldiers marching in lockstep, but horizontal instead of vertical.

The risks of lateral vibration problems in lightweight bridges are well known. Any bridge with lateral frequency modes of less than 1.3 Hz, and sufficiently low mass, could witness the same phenomenon with sufficient pedestrian loading. The greater the number of people, the greater the amplitude of the vibrations. For example, Albert Bridge in London has a sign dating from 1873 warning marching ranks of soldiers to break step while crossing. Other bridges which have seen similar problems are:

After extensive analysis by the engineers, the problem was fixed by the retrofitting of 37 fluid-viscous dampers (energy dissipating) to control horizontal movement and 52 tuned mass dampers (inertial) to control vertical movement. This took from May 2001 to January 2002 and cost £5M. After a period of testing, the bridge was successfully reopened on 22 February 2002. The bridge has not been subject to significant vibration since. In spite of the successful fix of the problem, the affectionate “wobbly bridge” epithet remains in common usage among Londoners.

An artistic expression of the higher-frequency resonances within the cables of the bridge were explored by Bill Fontana’s ‘Harmonic Bridge’ exhibition at the Tate Modern museum in mid-2006. This used acoustic transducers placed at strategic locations on the cabling of the Millennium Bridge and the signals from those transducers were amplified and dynamically distributed throughout the Turbine Hall of the Tate by a programme which Fontana entered into the sound diffusion engine of the Richmond Sound Design AudioBox.

William Whitelaw Blanco

William Whitelaw Blanco (1946 – 1976) fue un activista tupamaro uruguayo asesinado en Buenos Aires el 21 de mayo de 1976 a los 29 años de edad.

William Whitelaw Blanco fue militante de la guerrila Tupamaros; detenido en 1971, fue expulsado y se fue a Chile, en ese entonces presidido por Salvador Allende. En el exilio se encuentra con Rosario del Carmen Barredo, viuda del tupamaro Gabriel Schroeder, exiliada también en Chile con su hija Gabriela Schroeder Barredo. A su vez, la ex esposa de Whitelaw, chilena, era secretaria de Allende.,​ se convirtió en miembro de la dirección tupamara en Chile, al lado de Lucas Mansilla, Jorge Selves y Luis Alemañy waterproof cellphone cases.​ Allende autorizó a los tupamaros a exiliarse en Chile, a condición de que no se involucrasen en la vida política chilena.​

Tras la detención de Raúl Sendic en setiembre de 1972, Whitelaw planeó retomar las acciones en Uruguay, intención abortada por el Golpe de Estado del 27 de junio de 1973.​ En agosto de 1973 participa en la creación de la Junta de Coordinación Revolucionaria, en cooperación con el MIR de Chile y el ERP de Argentina.

Después del Golpe de Estado del 11 de septiembre de 1973, Whitelaw se exilia en Argentina. Finalmente, Whitelaw privilegió la lucha política por encima de la armada; junto con Alemañy, Mansilla y Kimal Amir cool water bottles, abandonaron sus responsabilidades de dirección del movimiento tupamaro. Finalmente fueron expulsados del MLN-T best running hydration pack. Pero, tras el golpe de Estado argentino de 1976, Whitelaw y Barredo desaparecen de su domicilio. Sus cadáveres aparecen en un vehículo abandonado, junto con los de los políticos Zelmar Michelini y Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz mobile phone holder running. Sus hijos aparecieron en una comisaría, días después.​

El 16 de noviembre de 2006 el juez uruguayo Roberto Timbal sometió a proceso y a prisión preventiva al ex dictador Juan María Bordaberry y al canciller de la dictadura cívico-militar uruguaya, Juan Carlos Blanco, “como coautores responsables de cuatro delitos de homicidio muy especialmente agravados”.

En marzo de 2010 la fiscal Mirtha Guianze solicitó una condena de 30 años de prisión para el ex dictador Juan María Bordaberry y para el ex canciller Juan Carlos Blanco por los asesinatos de Zelmar Michelini, Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, Rosario Barredo y William Whitelaw en 1976.