June Cochran

June Cochran est une «&nbsp insulated stainless water bottle;reine de beauté » et modèle de charme américaine. Elle est connue comme Playmate of the Month du magazine Playboy en décembre 1962, et a été, en 1963, la quatrième Playmate of the Year battery lint remover.

Mariée une première fois avant l’âge de 20 ans, June Cochran a été Miss Indiana 1960 et a concouru pour les titres de Miss Monde et Miss Univers. Elle était enceinte de 7 mois et demi lorsqu’elle posa pour Pompeo Posar en tant que Playmate de l’Année, ce qui posa quelques problèmes pour dissimuler son état. Elle a été Bunny au Club Playboy de Chicago.

Elle beaucoup travaillé pour la promotion de la course automobile pour le compte du United States Auto Club et dans le cadre des 500 miles d’Indianapolis. Son second mari était d’ailleurs pilote de course et ses deux fils pilotes de stock-cars.

June Cochran a servi de modèle au personnage de Little Annie Fanny, petite bande dessinée comique et érotique qui paraissait dans chaque numéro de Playboy.

Elle est décédée dans le Wisconsin, ou elle demeurait.

Millennium Bridge, London

The Millennium Bridge, officially known as the London Millennium Footbridge, is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing the River Thames in London, linking Bankside with the City of London. It is located between Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Railway Bridge. It is owned and maintained by Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. Construction began in 1998, and it initially opened in June 2000.

Londoners nicknamed the bridge the “Wobbly Bridge” after pedestrians felt unexpected swaying motion. The bridge was closed later on opening day, and after two days of limited access, it was closed for almost two years while modifications were made to eliminate the motion. It reopened in 2002.

The southern end of the bridge is near the Globe Theatre, the Bankside Gallery, and Tate Modern, while the northern end of the bridge is next to the City of London School below St Paul’s Cathedral. The bridge alignment is such that a clear view (i.e. a “terminating vista”) of St Paul’s south façade is presented from across the river, framed by the bridge supports.

The design of the bridge was the subject of a competition organised in 1996 by Southwark council and RIBA Competitions. The winning entry was an innovative “blade of light” effort from Arup Group, Foster and Partners, and Sir Anthony Caro. Due to height restrictions, and to improve the view, the bridge’s suspension design had the supporting cables below the deck level, giving a very shallow profile. The bridge has two river piers and is made of three main sections of 81 m (266 ft), 144 m (472 ft), and 108 m (354 ft) (north to south) with a total structure length of 325 m (1 insulated stainless water bottle,066 ft); the aluminium deck is 4 m (13 ft) wide glass in a bottle. The eight suspension cables are tensioned to pull with a force of 2,000 tons against the piers set into each bank – enough to support a working load of 5,000 people on the bridge at one time.

Ordinarily, bridges across the River Thames require an Act of Parliament. For this bridge, that was avoided by the Port of London Authority granting a licence for the structure obtaining planning permissions from the City of London and London Borough of Southwark. Construction began in late 1998 and the main works were started on 28 April 1999 by Monberg & Thorsen and Sir Robert McAlpine. The bridge was completed at a cost of £18 football uniform colors.2M (£2.2M over budget), primarily paid for by the Millennium Commission and the London Bridge Trust. It opened on 10 June 2000 (two months late).

Unexpected lateral vibration (resonant structural response) caused the bridge to be closed on 12 June 2000 for modifications. Attempts were made to limit the number of people crossing the bridge. This led to long queues but was ineffective to dampen the vibrations. Closure of the bridge only two days after opening attracted public criticism of it as another high-profile British Millennium project that suffered an embarrassing setback, akin to how many saw the Millennium Dome. Vibration was attributed to an under-researched phenomenon whereby pedestrians crossing a bridge that has a lateral sway have an unconscious tendency to match their footsteps to the sway, exacerbating it. The tendency of a suspension bridge to sway when troops march over it in step was well known, which is why troops are required to break step when crossing such a bridge.

The bridge was temporarily closed on 18 January 2007, during the Kyrill storm due to strong winds and a risk of pedestrians being blown off the bridge.

The bridge’s movements were caused by a ‘positive feedback’ phenomenon, known as synchronous lateral excitation. The natural sway motion of people walking caused small sideways oscillations in the bridge, which in turn caused people on the bridge to sway in step, increasing the amplitude of the bridge oscillations and continually reinforcing the effect. On the day of opening, the bridge was crossed by 90,000 people, with up to 2,000 on the bridge at any one time.

Resonant vibrational modes due to vertical loads (such as trains, traffic, pedestrians) and wind loads are well understood in bridge design. In the case of the Millennium Bridge, because the lateral motion caused the pedestrians loading the bridge to directly participate with the bridge, the vibrational modes had not been anticipated by the designers. The crucial point is that when the bridge lurches to one side, the pedestrians must adjust to keep from falling over, and they all do this at exactly the same time. Hence, the situation is similar to soldiers marching in lockstep, but horizontal instead of vertical.

The risks of lateral vibration problems in lightweight bridges are well known. Any bridge with lateral frequency modes of less than 1.3 Hz, and sufficiently low mass, could witness the same phenomenon with sufficient pedestrian loading. The greater the number of people, the greater the amplitude of the vibrations. For example, Albert Bridge in London has a sign dating from 1873 warning marching ranks of soldiers to break step while crossing. Other bridges which have seen similar problems are:

After extensive analysis by the engineers, the problem was fixed by the retrofitting of 37 fluid-viscous dampers (energy dissipating) to control horizontal movement and 52 tuned mass dampers (inertial) to control vertical movement. This took from May 2001 to January 2002 and cost £5M. After a period of testing, the bridge was successfully reopened on 22 February 2002. The bridge has not been subject to significant vibration since. In spite of the successful fix of the problem, the affectionate “wobbly bridge” epithet remains in common usage among Londoners.

An artistic expression of the higher-frequency resonances within the cables of the bridge were explored by Bill Fontana’s ‘Harmonic Bridge’ exhibition at the Tate Modern museum in mid-2006. This used acoustic transducers placed at strategic locations on the cabling of the Millennium Bridge and the signals from those transducers were amplified and dynamically distributed throughout the Turbine Hall of the Tate by a programme which Fontana entered into the sound diffusion engine of the Richmond Sound Design AudioBox.

Roman Vital

Roman Vital (* 29. Juli 1975 in Chur) ist ein Schweizer Filmemacher aus Arosa.

Roman Vital wuchs als jüngstes von drei Kindern in Arosa auf. In seiner Jugend spielte er Eishockey beim EHC Arosa. Seine Mutter stammt aus Luzein, wo ihre Eltern sich von Italien herkommend niedergelassen haben running belts with water bottles. Vater Vincenz Vital, in Sent aufgewachsen, ist selbständiger Kaufmann und Vorgänger von Lorenzo Schmid als Aroser Gemeindepräsident insulated stainless water bottle.

Nach dem Besuch des Bündner Lehrerseminars in Chur widmete sich Roman Vital der Filmerei. Von 1996 bis 2000 studierte er Kommunikationswissenschaften und Journalistik an der Universität Freiburg. Zwischen 2001 und 2006 besuchte er die Filmakademie Baden-Württemberg, Fachrichtung Montage und Dokumentarfilm. Zusammen mit Andri Probst, dem Geschäftsführer von Arosa Kultur, und anderen betreibt er seit 2006 die Produktionsfirma klubkran Filmproduktion in Zürich. Zu den Produktionen dieses Labels mit Beteiligung Vitals gehören DVD-Titel wie Für dass ich lebe, Arosa isch Besser und Skischule Arosa. 2010 realisierte Roman Vital mit Stefan Jäger einen Doku-Beitrag zum Schloss Biberstein im Rahmen der Fernsehsendung SF bi de Lüt.

Vitals Dokumentarfilm Life in Paradise – Illegale in der Nachbarschaft aus dem Jahr 2013, der im Asyl-Ausreisezentrum Flüeli in Valzeina spielt, gewann in Paris am Festival international du film des droits de l’homme den Spezialpreis der Jury sowie den erstmals vergebenen Grossen Preis des Flüchtlingshilfswerks der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR). Die Produktion des Streifens kostete rund 300.000 Franken stainless steel mug, wobei 140.000 von dritter Seite stammten; der Rest wurde privat finanziert. Das Schweizer Fernsehen zeigte den Film am 15. Mai 2014.

Roman Vital verfügt über eine Iris-Heterochromie: Sein rechtes Auge ist blau, das andere braun homemade steak tenderizer.