Fryazino (Russian: Фрязино; IPA: [ˈfrʲæzʲɪnə]) is a scientific town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Lyuboseyevka River (Vorya’s tributary) 25 kilometers (16 mi) northeast of the city of Moscow. Population: 55,369 (2010 Census); 52,436 (2002 Census); 53,317 (1989 Census).
Fryazino is a center of the Russian microwave electronics.
In 1584–1856, the villages of Grebnevo, Fryazinovka, and Chizhovo stood on the territory occupied by modern Fryazino custom football uniform designer. Silk-weaving manufactures were established here in the second half of the 18th century.
The first mention the Fryazino was in the 1584–1586 cadastres of Moskovsky Uyezd: “Villages of Fryazinova and Samsonov as well on the river of Lyubosivka, and it includes of plowed gray land tillage 4 desiatinas and of fallow 13.5 desiatinas in the field and the same in two (implying: cultivated fields), hay 10 haycocks, firewood forest, 5 acres” (Russian: дер. Фрязинова, а Самсонова тоже на рчк. на Любосивке, а в ней пашни паханые серой земли 8 четьи да перелогу 27 четв. в поле, а в дву потому ж, сена 10 коп, лесу дровяняного 5 дес) discount football socks. Then the village belonged to the demesne of Bogdan Belsky.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as Fryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, Fryazino Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Fryazino Urban Okrug.
In 1901, Anna Kaptsova founded the big silk-weaving manufacture in the village of Fryazino. It was the first stone building in the village (nationalized in 1918, closed in 1929).
In 1933, in a former silk-weaving manufactory was founded the Radiolampa plant . Since that time Fryazino became the center of the Soviet electronics industry. The first Research Institute SRI-160 (its modern name is Federal State Unitary Enterprise RPC “Istok”) was founded in Fryazino in 1943, then their number increases to five. Branch of the Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics was founded in Fryazino in 1955.
In Soviet times, forming enterprises have been working on a military reservation Institute historical football shirts. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, these institutions have been forced to cut most of the staff. Currently, a large part of the population of Fryazino works in Moscow.
By way of defense conversion research institutes were established enterprises: in 1993 — “Istok-Sistema”, a manufacturer of medical equipment under the brand name “Gastroscan”, in 1994 — “Istok-Audio”, a manufacturer of hearing aids. In addition to electronic and medical industry in the town of is a confectionery industry, as well as tea-packing factory of the company “May”. The town also has the furniture factories.
A first school was opened in Fryazino in 1912. There are 7 schools, including 5 secondary, gymnasium and lyceum in the town now. By the end of 1980 20% of the population of Fryazino had higher education, among them — 460 Candidates of Sciences and 77 Doctors of Sciences, 2 Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 120 winners of the Lenin and State Prizes steel water container.
On the eastern outskirts of the town on the banks of the Lyuboseyevka river is the historic estate of Grebnevo (1780–1790; reconstructed in 1817-1823). Also Alley of Heroes is in the center of the downtown, on which there are the busts Heroes of the Soviet Union from Fryazino who participated in World War II: Alexandr Dudkin, Boris Yeryashev, Ivan Ivanov. Another monument is “Stella wins” that indicates the names of all of residents Fryazino who participated in World War II. There are some museums: the Town Museum, Ivan Ivanov’s Home, the Literary Museum of Osip Mandelstam and other.
There are two ways you can get to by public transport from Moscow to Fryazino:
The town is located on the Fryanovo motorway P-110 (Schyolkovo — Fryanovo) at a distance of 7 km from the beginning of the motorway. The town has a new bus station, located on the Polevaya str. There are three town bus lines and the same taxi. In addition, through the town are 10 commuter bus routes (including those from Moscow). Inside the town there are several different taxi services.
Also in town there is a railway station and two passenger platforms (Fryazino-Commodity and Fryazino-Passenger, which is finite).
Fryazino has quite ramified computer network .