Jaskinia Zbójecka w Łopieniu

Jaskinia Zbójecka w Łopieniu (również Grota Zbójecka w Łopieniu) – jaskinia w masywie Łopienia w Beskidzie Wyspowym, w polskich Beskidach Zachodnich. Długość korytarzy wynosi 433 m, łączna deniwelacja 20,3 m (+1,5 m, -18,8 m). Jest to najdłuższa jaskinia Beskidu Wyspowego.

Jaskinia Zbójecka jest jaskinią typu osuwiskowego. Powstała w grubych warstwach piaskowców magurskich, budujących tę część Beskidów. Wejścia do jaskini (trzy otwory o ekspozycji wylotów ku górze) znajdują się w północnych zboczach góry Łopień, na wysokości ok. 903 m n.p.m. Jaskinię tworzy plątanina szerszych i węższych korytarzy tenderize meat without tenderizer, niewielkich sal, kominków i studzienek oraz szczelin o zróżnicowanych szerokościach i kierunkach przebiegu.

Największą objętościowo komorą w jaskini jest Sala Janosika, która ma 4 m długości, około 3 m szerokości i około 3 m wysokości. W jej części południowo-zachodniej strop przechodzi w wysoki na około 10 m Komin Prezesa cool sports water bottles. Inne większe komory to Sala Dziadka (około 3,5 m długości, 2,5 m szerokości, maksymalna wysokość 3 m), Sala Zbłąkanych (szerokość do 6 m i wysokość do 2,5 m) i Sala Rumcajsa (6 m długości, od 3 do 5 m szerokości i 4 m wysokości w środkowej części).

Dno jaskini w większości tworzy gruz skalny, a miejscami większe głazy. Pod studzienkami wejściowymi na dnie spotyka się liście i szczątki roślinne. W Gliniastych Partiach oraz innych korytarzach odchodzących z Sali Janosika dno tworzy glina. W południowej części Sali Rumcajsa dno pokryte jest na znacznej części guanem nietoperzy. Mniejsze pokłady guana spotyka się również w kilku innych korytarzykach. W jaskini występują dość licznie nacieki węglanowe w postaci polew i stalaktytów, których długość sięga do kilku centymetrów. Największe stalaktyty znajdują się w rejonie Sali Janosika.

Jaskinia posiada mikroklimat dynamiczny. Zimą temperatura w niej nie spada poniżej 0 ºC. Światło dzienne sięga Sali Wejściowej i korytarzy biegnących do Sali Zbłąkanych i Sali pod Studnią. Górne partie jaskini są suche, natomiast w dolnych partiach (poniżej Sali Dziadka) jest dość wilgotno.

W rejonach, do których dochodzi światło dzienne, rozwijają się mchy i porosty soccer t shirt ideas. Na szczątkach organicznych spotyka się grzyby i pleśnie. Stwierdzono występowanie licznych pająków, motyli i owadów bezskrzydłych. Zimą w jaskini hibernują nietoperze. Latem 1997 r. stwierdzono występowanie przynajmniej 3 gatunków nietoperzy: podkowca małego (Rhinolopus hipposideros), nocka dużego (Myotis myotis) oraz gacka (Plecotus sp.).

Jaskinia prawdopodobnie była znana miejscowej ludności od dawna. Po raz pierwszy w literaturze wymienił ją Kazimierz Sosnowski w swym przewodniku turystycznym po Beskidach (1914, 1926, 1930). Kazimierz Kowalski pisał (1954), że według okolicznej ludności jaskinia jest zasypana, a za nim powtórzył to Władysław Krygowski w swoim przewodniku po Beskidach (1977). Z pewnością jednak jaskinia nie była w tym czasie zasypana, a pomyłka wzięła się stąd, iż K. Kowalski szukał jaskini w niewłaściwym miejscu. Została ona ostatecznie zlokalizowana w sierpniu 1997 r. przez B. Bubulę, P. Lesieckiego i B. Sułkowskiego z Klubu Grotołazów w Limanowej. Pomiary jaskini wykonali 21 i 25 sierpnia 1997 r. wyżej wymienieni oraz T. Mleczek (Speleoklub Dębica). Według tych pomiarów liczyła ona 380 m korytarzy oraz -16 m deniwelacji. Badania eksploracyjne z lat 2000-2008 powiększyły te wartości do obecnego stanu.

Jaskinia jest znana ludności miejscowej i była często zwiedzana. Przejście głównego ciągu nie przedstawia większych trudności. Natomiast zwiedzenie wszystkich partii jaskini jest bardzo uciążliwe (ciasno), a ponadto pokonanie niektórych korytarzy i kominków wymaga wspinaczki (trudności IV) i użycia technik alpinistycznych (lina).

W 1998 r. Jaskinia Zbójecka w Łopieniu otrzymała status pomnika przyrody. Wchodzi w skład specjalnego obszaru ochronnego siedlisk (dyrektywa siedliskowa) „Natura 2000” pod nazwą Uroczysko Łopień. Jest nieudostępniona do zwiedzania. Dalsze części jaskini, w których zimują nietoperze są zamknięte kratą.

Siti Nurhaliza in Symphony

Siti Nurhaliza In Symphony – Live With The Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (or simply Siti Nurhaliza in Symphony) was a residency show by Malaysian recording artist, Siti Nurhaliza. Held on three consecutive nights in July 2013 at Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, this was her first solo concert to be backed entirely by 80-piece Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO). The concert marked her 18th year involvement Malaysian music industry with more than 20 albums, where most songs that were performed were taken from her solo albums and couple of songs as tribute to Malaysian singers and artists who have inspired her.

During the course of the three-night concert, she performed more than 20 songs with MPO which was also her second time collaborating with them since 2001, when she was only a guest artist for Tan Sri SM Salim.

“It was really hard to pick the songs for this performance. At first, I have listed over 30 songs, but after much deliberation with the conductor and music coordinator, we have decided on 20 best songs that are suitable with orchestral arrangement.”

She was reportedly invited to collaborate with Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO) as early as July 2012. This concert marked her first collaboration with MPO as a solo artist at Dewan Filharmonik Petronas (DFP). 12 years earlier, in 2001, at the very same venue, she was only a guest artist for Tan Sri SM Salim’s concert which also was backed by MPO, Konsert Perjalanan Seni Tan Sri SM Salim. During the stint, she only performed two songs – Mohon Kasih as a solo and Pandang Pandang Jeling Jeling as a duet.

Prior to the concert dates, the preparation for the concert for Siti herself has taken place at least a month earlier. Preparation made by Siti included the training for her voice, breath control and stamina against a prerecorded orchestral arrangement of the chosen songs made by MPO in a compact disc, followed by a couple of morning and evening practice sessions with MPO itself for two days in a row before the concert dates, under the tutelage and guidance of Kevin Field, the conductor for the concert. Siti admitted the fact that though she has had performed at Royal Albert Hall with London Symphony Orchestra in 2005, and had been a recording artist for over 18 years, it was still a challenge for her to perform a full orchestra-backed performance. In the first night of the performance, she said, “Every time after I finished singing a song, I will feel relieved. It is not easy to make sure that we and the musicians are moving together. Alhamdullilah (Praise to God), so far I am satisfied, because I got the momentum that I wanted.”

In addition to limited time frame for practice, Farihad Shalla Mahmud of Berita Harian also pointed out that unlike her previous concerts with considerable big space that allows different gimmicks to be performed, the limited space at DFP means Siti has nothing to offer other than her solid vocal performance alone. Since the whole duration of the concert was only 90 minutes, the original 30 songs that she has listed to perform has to be reduced to only 20 songs, composed mainly from her own repertoire, with additional songs from singers who have inspired her to be in the music industry – Alleycats, Jamal Abdillah, M. Nasir, Sudirman Arshad and P. Ramlee.

The concert also marked the closing of DFP and MPO’s 2012/2013 season tenderize meat. To maintain the exclusivity of the concert, no form of audio or visual recordings were made upon Siti’s own request. She said, “This is my own request and may it become the sweetest memory for the audiences for the next ten, twenty years”.

In the course of 3 days of the concert, she only changed her dress twice per each night of the concert, and the dresses were all designed by three local designers – Khoon Hooi, Cosry and Rizman Ruzaini. Her choice of dress to be worn especially for the debut night of the concert received positive feedbacks from the reviewers where both Azhariah Kamin of The Star and Nur Aqidah Azizi of New Straits Times said Siti looked “resplendent” in a turquoise coloured dress designed by Khoon Hooi. Given the limited space of stage for her to perform, most of the focus of the concert was her vocals. Apart from her performing space, much of the space on stage was taken by the 80-piece Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra musicians, and the conductor, Kevin Field.

The concert opened with Siti performing “Kau Kekasihku”, one of her singles from her album, Pancawarna which then was followed by traditional number, “Badarsila” which was taken from her eight album, Sanggar Mustika. Then, it was followed by the first medley of the concert which was basically a string of her well-known ballads like “Jerat Percintaan”, “Bukan Cinta Biasa”, “Diari Hatimu” and “Percayalah”. Siti admitted that ballad is the most challenging song genre that she had to perform. One of the comments that she made after performing the medley of ballads was, “Wow! What a relief! “Seriously I was thinking, ‘Will I be able to pull this one off?’ Thank God I did.” She also commented, “Ballad really challenges my vocals’ durability because it requires [me to take] long breath [to perform it]. To make sure that I have enough stamina, every day I will jog for an hour”. Still in the first part of the concert, she later performed as a tribute, two songs that were made famous by Tan Sri P. Ramlee – “Malam Bulan Dipagar Bintang” and “Tiada Kata Secantik Bahasa”. Explaining her decision to choose the two songs, she explained, “Picking songs by Tan Sri P. Ramlee as a tribute to the legend was not easy for me. There are just too many great songs that he had written. Tonight’s songs were chosen because of their beautiful melodies and lyrics.” Closing the first part of the concert, she performed four songs which were all taken from four different album of hers – “Hanya Dia” (CTKD: Canda, Tangis, Ketawa, Duka), “Di Taman Teman” (Lentera Timur), “Seindah Biasa” (Prasasti Seni) dan “Biarlah Rahsia” (Transkripsi).

In the second part of the concert, she began the performance with “Cindai” while playing Darbuka. Speaking of the idea in playing Darbuka as part of her performance, she commented during the media conference, “The idea of playing a drum has been thought by me for quite awhile. The funny thing is, since I was so busy with singing and dancing practices, I had to practice playing the Darbuka while I was about to sleep. Whether [he likes it] or not, my husband (Datuk Khalid) has to bear with it.” In the next part of the show, she presented another tribute song to her idols, and this time for Alleycats, M. Nasir and Jamal Abdillah, by singing “Senandung Semalam” which was made famous by the three artists. Later, “Lebih Indah” was performed for the first time ever by her. A new song, which was said to reflect her emotional state when her husband was involved in a motorcycle accident in New Zealand in 2012. The concert later continued with the final medley of the night, which was composed of her more upbeat songs like “Ku Mahu”, “Balqis” and “Ya Maulai”. The final tribute song of the concert meat tenderizer knuckles, “Terasing” which was an homage to Sudirman Arshad was performed to close the aforementioned upbeat numbers. Another song, which was included in the set list was “Purnama Merindu”, one of the songs that has helped her to promote her name to the international stage. Closing the ceremony, performed as an encore was “Muara Hati”, which was well received by members of the audience before the concert drew to its end.

“[…] I must admit that the singer from Pahang gave an almost flawless performance. From her opening song, “Kau Kekasihku”, to the encore wholesale cotton socks, “Muara Hati”, Siti kept her audience entertained. The range in her voice was amazing. After having been singing in the industry for the last two decades, Siti has shown that, like wine, her voice only gets better with time. Some singers have the tendency to scream just to show off their powerful vocals. In the process, the songs get distorted. Siti, however, showed good control of her vocals. And she knew exactly how to modulate her voice accordingly with effortless precision.”

Overall, the concert received positive reviews and feedback from music critics, especially for Siti’s vocal showcase. A number of the reviews agree that she indeed possessed the “buluh perindu” (very sweet voice) quality to her vocals, while others praised that she has certain “magical” quality to both her vocals and performances. Most of the critics praised her ability to sing technical ballads with ease. Nur Aqidah Azizi of New Straits Times on the opening song of the night, “Kau Kekasihku” one of the ballads in the set list commented, “It was, perhaps, one of the most difficult songs in Siti’s repertoire but she certainly outdid herself that night, performing the high notes effortlessly.” Azhariah Kamin of The Star also commented positively on “Kau Kekasihku” as the opening performance. She commented, “Backed by an 80-piece MPO ensemble and watched by a hushed audience, there was no way that Siti could go wrong with this infectious ballad. The song, which is about love lost, showcased Siti’s vocal prowess as the chorus was sung on the upper register. And as expected, Siti sang the poignant song beautifully. What a start it was at DFP!” Syazwan Zakariah of Astro Awani also praised Siti’s vocal ability to sing ballads with ease. He commented that, “Siti appeared very calm, in fact [she seemed] relax, it is as if she was smiling every time she is singing, though while performing difficult song like “Purnama Merindu”.”

Her ability to sing traditional songs were also subject of praise by the critics, in particular, “Badarsila” which is one of the songs from her eight album, Sanggar Mustika. Kamaruddin Razal, a reviewer from Gua.com tenderize meat without tenderizer.my praised such ability by saying,”The mellowness and melisma of her vocals in phrasing the melody and the rhythm of this traditional song can’t no longer be denied.” Nur Aqidah Azizi of New Straits Times also shared the same sentiment. She commented that Siti has “made it look as if little effort was needed to bring such beautiful performance to the song”.

In another aspect of the concert, during the second part of the concert, Nur Aqidah Azizi commented her only negative remark of the concert is how certain part of the second half of the show “… could sound even better without the drums set and its annoying cymbals, that unceremoniously overpowered the string section.” Bissme S. of The Sun noted that despite Siti’s jokes and banters can be “too simplistic”, he believed that, in the eyes of the fans, “Siti can do no wrong.” Azhariah Kamin noted that these jokes actually “brought the artiste and audience closer to each other.”

The 3-day concert, in overall, received positive reviews and responses from the music and concert critics alike. Syazawan Zakariah concluded his review by saying, “Though she was backed by musicians as impressive as the MPO, Siti’s vocals was the best “instrument” of the night. With clear voice, energetic and dynamic, she has proven that she is still nation’s best vocalist.”, while Nur Aqidah Azizi concluded hers on Siti’s vocal showcase with “to describe her as the singer with a golden voice would really be an understatement.”

Tickets for the concert were made available since late April 2013 through its official ticket vendors, dfp.com.my and mpo.com.my. Listed from RM 150 to RM 400, it was reported that by May, more than 90 percents of the tickets have already been sold. With Dewan Filharmonik Petronas at its full capacity able to seat 900 people per night, all 2700 tickets that were available sold out weeks after the concert was announced.

Source: Adapted from concert’s tour program’s liner notes.

Vocals

Music Director

Associate Conductor

First Violin

Second Violin

Viola

Cello

Double Bass

Flute

Piccolo

Oboe

Cor Anglais

Clarinet

Bass Clarinet

Bassoon

Contrabassoon

Horn

Trumpet

Trombone

Bass Trombone

Tuba

Timpani

Percussion

Traditional Percussion

Harp

Piano

Source: Adapted from concert’s tour program’s liner notes.